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Invisiblezeta
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Registered: 05/25/02
Posts: 3,972
Recycling of species names
    #1757977 - 07/29/03 12:48 AM (14 years, 2 months ago)

I've been noticing a few patterns in the names of species.
What do sativa and edulis really mean??
I would have guessed edulis means edible, but pinus edulis doesn't sound too tasty :confused:
Is there a proper name for the latter half of a species name?
Are there many other examples like these two?

Oryza sativa = common rice
Cannabis sativa = marijuana
Avena sativa = maize
Medicago sativa = alfalfa
Castanea sativa = chestnut

Passiflora edulis = passionfruit
Boletus edulis = porcini
Casimiroa edulis = white sapote
Pinus edulis = twoneedle pinyon
Mytilus edulis = common mussel
 


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OfflineMitchnast
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Registered: 10/28/99
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Re: Recycling of species names [Re: zeta]
    #1758147 - 07/29/03 01:40 AM (14 years, 2 months ago)

well, sativa in this sence seems to be congruent with tall crop plnts grown in a feild.  hemp rice, corn, stuff all at one time commonly grown and very important crops.

edulis, yup, edible things,  rana edulis, edible frog :smile:


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Offlineneuro
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Re: Recycling of species names [Re: zeta]
    #1761087 - 07/29/03 11:06 PM (14 years, 2 months ago)

The names are latin and derived from descriptions, so basically they're dscriptions of plants written in latin and bam you got a genus with specific epithet. So, if it's edible you'll see edulis a lot, doesn't mean it's related what so ever, you gotta look at the Genus then.


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OfflineSev
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Registered: 06/06/03
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Re: Recycling of species names [Re: zeta]
    #1763167 - 07/30/03 05:19 PM (14 years, 2 months ago)

Quote:

zeta said:
I've been noticing a few patterns in the names of species.
What do sativa and edulis really mean??
I would have guessed edulis means edible, but pinus edulis doesn't sound too tasty :confused:





I think Pinus edulis is edible -- the pine-nuts, at least.

Sativa means "that which is sown," or, in other words, the commonly cultivated species.

Quote:


Is there a proper name for the latter half of a species name?
Are there many other examples like these two?





I'm not sure if I understand your question for the first part -- the second part of the name is the species name, the first part is the genus.

And yes, there're -many- examples like that.  :smile:  Species names for common plants tend not to be too imaginative. :wink: 


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Mushrooms, Mycology and Psychedelics >> The Ethnobotanical Garden

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