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Registered: 05/12/02
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glossary...a long one * 1
    #858690 - 09/02/02 12:00 PM (15 years, 7 months ago)

here is an extensive and i mean l-o-n-g glossary i found which might be useful...be warned  :grin:

Mycological Glossary by Anne Ashford 

adnate*  used to describe gills attached to the stem for their total width 
adnexed*  gills tapering toward the stem so that their attachment is narrow 
amyloid*  blue black when stained with Meltzers iodine 
annulus*  ring of tissue on the stem left from a torn partial veil; collar 
apiculus*  the projection on a spore by which it is attached to the sterigma (spore stalk) 
apothecium*  open saucer-shaped fruit body in a group of Ascomycetes called Discomycetes 
appendiculate*  used to describe the cap margin when hung with veil fragments 
appressed*  flattened down on a surface 
ascocarp*  fruiting body of Ascomycetes 
Ascomycete*  name of fungal group that all bear spores in sac-like cells called asci (see ascus ) 
ascus*  the cylindrical or club-shaped spore-producing cell that characterises the Ascomycetes. Contains (usually 8) ascospores 
autodigestion*  self digesting or liquefying. Characteristic of the genus Coprinus 
Basidiomycete*  name of fungal group that all bear spores on basidia (see basidium) 
basidium*  club shaped sexual spore producing cell (or cells) that characterises the Basidiomycetes 
basidiospore*  spores borne by basidia (see basidium) 
bulbous*  usually used to describe the swollen base of a stem 
caespitose*  crowded together in a cluster but not attached to each other 
campanulate*  bell shaped 
cap*  top part of a mushroom which bears the fertile tissue 
capillitium*  modified hyphae mixed with spores in the Gasteromycetes 
carpophore*  name given to the stem, cap and gills (fruiting body as a whole) 
cartilaginous*  used to describe consistency of stem tissue; does not bend but breaks with a snap 
caulocystidium*  a cystidium on the stem 
cellular*  where the outermost layer of the cap (cuticle) is made up of spherical cells 
cheilocystidium*  a cystidium on the edge of a gill 
chryocystidium*  a cystidium that stains yellow in KOH or ammonia 
cinereous*  ash grey in colour 
clamp connections*  semi-circular side branches that grow around the septa in many basidiomycetes 
clavate*  club-shaped 
concolourous*  of the same colour 
context*  the flesh of the fungus 
convergent*  used to describe the central tissue of the gill when it curves towards the mid-line 
convex*  used to describe a cap that is regularly rounded or broadly obtuse 
coprophilous*  inhabiting dung 
coriaceous*  leathery 
cortina*  a cob-web like partial veil of silky fibres 
crenate*  scalloped 
cystidium*  special large sterile cells amongst the basidia on the gills of many fungi ? often of distinctive shape and used in classification. Also found on surfaces of cap and stem. 
cuticle*  the surface layer of the cap or stem, usually distinct from the flesh 
decurrent*  gills running down the stem (like chanterelles) 
depressed*  used to describe a cap where the central portion lower than the margin 
dextrinoid*  staining brick red with Meltzers iodine 
diaphragm*  a thin membrane that separates the gleba from the stem in a puffball 
dichotomous*  equally forking into two (used for gills) 
dimitic*  when two types of hyphae are present in tissues of members of Polyporaceae 
distant*  of gills that are widely spaced 
eccentric*  off set to one side. used to describe how the stem attaches to the cap. 
echiniulate*  covered in spines 
ellipsoid*  rugby football shaped 
emarginate*  of gills notched near the stem, similar to sinuate but with a much more conspicuous notch 
endoperidium*  the innermost wall of the fruit body of Gasteromycetes 
evanescent*  ephemeral, soon disappearing 
exdoperidium*  the outermost wall of the fruit body of Gasteromycetes 
divergent*  used to describe the central flesh of gills where hyphae turn outwards from the mid-line 
farinaceous*  smells and tastes of flour 
fibrillose*  used of cap or stem surface with thin thread-like filaments which are more or less parallel 
fibrose*  composed of tough, stringy material 
filamentous*  of caps with a cuticle composed of elongate hyphae as in the mycelium (not globose cells) 
fimbriate*  fringed with cystidia or finely torn 
floccose*  covered in loose cottony scales 
foetid*  with a strong offensive smell. (also spelled "fetid") 
free*  gills do not attach to the stem 
fugaceous  soon disappearing e.g. used of scales 
furfuraceous*  covered in tiny particles like sand grains 
fusiform*  spindle-shaped tapering at both ends 
gelatinous*  jelly like 
gills*  the plates of tissue bearing the hymenium in an agaric 
gleba*  the tissues enclosed within the fruit bodies of the Gasteromycetes 
glutinous*  when cap surface is covered with a slimy layer of gelatinous hyphae 
granulose*  covered with small granules 
hirsute*  hairy 
hispid*  covered with stiff bristle-like hairs usually visible to the naked eye. 
hyaline*  clear and colourless 
hygrophanous*  of water-soaked appearance and translucent, changing colour on drying (usually paler) and more opaque 
hymenium*  the fertile sexual spore-bearing tissues (In an agaric this covers the gills.) 
hyphae*  filamentous threads of a fungal mycelium 
hypogeous*  a fruit-body produced below ground ? like truffles 
imbricate*  overlapping like roof tiles 
infundibuliform*  funnel-shaped 
innate*  of scales not readily detached as in Lepiota 
intermediate*  used of gills that do not reach the stem 
involute*  of the cap rolled inwards at the margin 
lacunose*  a surface with wide sunken pits like an irregular honey comb 
lamellae*  other name for gills 
lamellulae*  gills that don?t reach the stem interspersed between lamellae 
lamellate*  with gills 
latex*  fluid often milky that oozes from cut surfaces in some species. Characteristic of Lactarius 
lignicolous*  growing on wood 
luminescent*  emission of light, glows in the dark. Characteristic of some fungi e.g. Omphalotus 
marginate*  when there is a small circular ridge around the bulb at the base of the stem where the universal veil was attached 
mucilaginous*  sticky, covered in slime 
mycelium*  the whole body of a fungus. colony of hyphae arising from one inoculation 
mycorrhiza*  a structure formed between a fungus and individual root tips that enables exchange nutrients OR a mutualistic symbiosis between roots and a fungus 
pallid*  off white 
paraphysis*  a sterile hair like or club-shaped cell found in amongs the asci of Ascomycetes 
parasite*  an heterotrophic organism that needs to obtain its organic nutrients from a living organism 
partial veil*  a membrane of sterile tissue stretching between the edge of the cap and the stem to cover the gills in some agarics during development 
pedicel*  stalk usually used to describe the short stem on puff ball spores 
perforate*  with holes 
peridium*  the outer wall of a fungus, especially puffballs 
peridioles*  largish bodies that contain the spore enclosed within the peridium in the birds nest fungi (Nidulariales) They are dispersed as a unit. 
perithecium*  the flask-shaped fruiting bodies of certain Ascomycetes. They contain asci 
peronate*  of stems ensheathed by a volva 
pileus*  a cap especially in Agarics 
pilose*  with long hairs 
plage*  a smooth area just below the apiculus found on some rough spores 
plane*  flat especially of caps in agarics 
pleurocystidium*  cystidium occurring on the face of a gill 
plicate*  folded like a fan; especially of caps in agarics 
popres*  the orifices of the tubes of Polyporaceae 
pruinose*  covered with a bloom rather like chalk dust; finely powdered 
pubescent*  covered with fine short hairs 
punctate*  marked with minute dots points scales or hollows 
repand*  upturned especially of caps in Agarics 
resupinate*  fruiting structure that lies flat on the substratum with the hymenium covering the upper surface 
reticulate*  net-like, marks made by lines veins or ridges which cross one another 
rhizomorph*  a mycelial strand where hyphae aggregate together in parallel. Commonly found attached to the base of fruiting bodies 
ring*  the membranous remnant of the partial veil 
rimose*  splitting radially 
rugose*  coarsely wrinkled 
rugulose*  finely wrinkled 
saccate*  of the volva cup or bag-shaped 
saprophyte*  obtaining organic nutrients from dead material 
scabrous*  rough with short projections in the form of granules or scales 
sclerotium*  a (often spherical) aggregate of hyphae often with a hard dark-coloured rind, generally thought to be a resting stage with better capacity for survival than mycelium . It can germinate to produce hyphae, or fruit bodies. 
septate*  divided by cross walls 
serrate*  saw-toothed,used to describe the margin of gills 
serrulate*  finely toothed 
sessile*  without a stalk 
sinuate*  notched used to describe gills which have a notch before attaching to the stem 
sphaerocysts*  globose cells in the flesh of Russulaceae, Hypholoma and Stropharia 
spore*  reproductive structure often of a single rounded cell with a thickened wall that disseminates the fungus 
sporophore*  fungal fruiting body 
squamose*  covered with scales 
squamulose*  covered with minute scales 
squamulose*  covered with very small scales 
stellate*  star-shaped 
sterigma*  the stem at the top of the basidium which bears each spore 
stipe*  stem usually of a toadstool 
stipitate*  with a stem 
striate*  with fine radiating lines or furrows around the cap margin 
stroma*  a hard conglomerate of hyphae , found in some Ascomycetes 
subdecurrent*  where gills run down the stem for only a short distance 
subglobose*  almost spherical 
subhymenium*  differentiated tissue that gives rise to the hymenium 
substrate*  the material on whioch a fungus grows e.g. on wood 
subtormentose*  more or less woolly 
sulcate*  grooved 
superior*  where the ring is attached above the middle of the stem 
tormentose*  densely woolly; velvety or with thick soft hairs 
trama*  name given to the flesh or context of the cap or gills 
truncate*  ending abruptly as if cut off 
tubes*  hollow cylindrical structures that bear the hymenium . They replace the gills in polypores 
umbilicate*  used to describe cap having a central depression 
umbo*  a raised conical mound on the centre of the cap 
umbonate*  cap with a raised knob in the centre 
ungulate*  hoof-shaped 
universal veil*  a membrane that initially entirely surrounds the fruiting body. It is broken as the cap expands the stem extends and the gills mature 
veil*  a thin membrane covering the gills during the development of the toadstool 
ventricose*  enlarged in the middle 
verrucose*  covered with small rounded warts - used to describe rough spores 
vinaceous*  pinkish 
viscid*  slimy 
volva*  the expanded bulbous remains of the universal veil found at the base of the stipe in some toadstools e.g. Amanita and Lepiota . 
zonate*  marked with concentric bands of colour 

way to go blind  :grin:....never heared of half of these.....


(zhukov in a previous life....)

2SER FM underground radio

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Re: glossary...a long one [Re: ruskifile]
    #858806 - 09/02/02 01:07 PM (15 years, 7 months ago)

this should be put somewhere on the site....
Great for descibing mushrooms, for purposes of identification... Would know exactly what each other are talking about, instead of saying 'the part near the gils but not really on the stem, but not on the inside either' lol.


Everything posted above was out of fun, none should be taken serious. I am currently under the influence so take that into consideration.

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Re: glossary...a long one [Re: ruskifile]
    #858993 - 09/02/02 02:51 PM (15 years, 7 months ago)

This is excellent material. Send this to Thor, to add to hunting section. He was looking for things to add

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Re: glossary...a long one [Re: ruskifile]
    #859397 - 09/02/02 06:34 PM (15 years, 7 months ago)

The glossary with those and more mycological terms can be found here:


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