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Amanita phalloides

Amanita phalloides (Vaill.)

font size="5">Amanita phalloides (Vaill.:Fries) Link - Death cap

  • Pictures
  • zeronio



  • Cap
  • olive green to olive brown, paler towards margin, usually with dark radial fibrils; 5-20 cm; flesh white - greenish yellow beneatch cuticle. Odor neutral - to slightly pungent. Taste mild. 

  • Gills
  • white or slightly yellowish, quite crowded, free.

  • Stipe
  • 8-20 x 1-2cm, tapering toward top, hollow when mature, white speckled with greenish gray stripes; white membraneous ring, striate at top; base bulbous with large white membraneous volva. The base of the stipe and volva are often buried in the soil.

  • Spores
  • Spore print white. Spores white, ovoid to nearly round, smooth, 8-11 x 7-9 µm, amyloid.

  • Habitat
  • Late spring - late autumn; mycorrhizal with broadleaved trees, especially oak, but also under pine and spruce.

  • Edibility
  • Deadly poisonous - contains both phallotoxins and amanitins that inhibit the production of specific proteins within liver and kidney cells. Without these proteins, cells cease to function. 
    The symptoms are nausea, abdominal pain & diarrhea that start from 5 to 24h (up to 3 days according to some sources) after ingestion. These initial symptoms are followed by a brief period of apparent improvement, but without treatment, severe liver damage and kidney failure often result in coma and death that occurs in 10-15% of poisoning cases 7-10 days after ingestion. Lethal dose is approximately 30-50g of fresh mushroom.

  • Links
  • The Death Cap - The World's Most Dangerous Mushroom



    The Mushroom Expert

  • Systematics
  • Kingdom: fungi; Phylum: Basidiomycota; Subphylum: Basidiomycotina; Class: Homobasidiomycetes; Order: Tricholomatales; Family: Amanitaceae; Genus: Amanita

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