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after recently going to the library, i took out Colin Dickinson's, "The Encyclopedia of Mushrooms". while gazing through the psilocybe family, i found a strange strain, with an even stranger description, the Psilocybe ericaea.
as it follows --> Psilocybe ericaea In Europe and Australia this is an open grassland species, but in North America, it is found in deciduous woods.
Cap: bright tawny-brown. 2-3cm in diameter. Convex, becoming flattened with a slight blunt. Slimy qwhen wet, smooth and shining when dry.
Gills: white at first, then blackish-blueish-brown with white edges.
Stipe: slender, wavy, parallel-sided, 5-10 cm long, 3-4mm thick. Pale yellowish, turning red.
Spores: Dark purple, to black, smooth.
Habitat: Grows among grass and moss in damp pastures and on heaths. Frequent to common in Europe and Australia, in North America, it has been recorded growing from fallen leaves in deciduous woods in the north.
Occurance: July to October
i believe this might be some strange form of liberty caps, it looks somewhat like them only caps look more of an off white/tan then dye purple/blue around the outside of the cap. any suggestions/comments would be very helpful! thanks again!
-------------------- : : it always rains on a picnic : :
Gaston Guzman's monograph on Psilocybe only has one mention of Psilocybe ericacea:
Psilocybe dichroa (Pers.)Karst.,Medd .S oc.F.Fl.Fenn.5:31,1879.Persoon (1801,p.343)described Agaricus dichrous in the Section Gymnopus growing "ad terram",but he also described (1801,p.413)Agaricus dichrous in the Section Co- prinus,together with A.ericaceus,growing in "prates montosis,regionibus areno- sis".Fries (1821-1832,I,p.202)considered A.dichrous in the Tribu Leptonia growing "ad terram",and he referred this fungus to Persoon,p.343.He did not consider the fungus of Persoon,pag.413.Karsten first considered this fungus as Psilocybe ericacea var.dichroa (Pers.)Karst.,but later (1879)he described the fungus as Psilocybe dichroa (Pers.)Karst.Unfortunately it was impossible to study materials of P.dichroa from the Karsten Herbarium;it seems that there are no collections of P.dichroa in that Herbarium (at H).Lange (1936;1939)considered "P.dichroa form"of Karsten possibly as P.subericaceum Fr.Later Kuhner & Romagnesi (1953)considered Agaricus dichrous as a synonym of Geophila (Hy- pholoma)subericaceum (ss.Rea)Kiihn.&Romag.Singer (1975)considered P. dichroa Karst.as a synonym of P.atrobrunnea (Lasch)Gill,and Naematoloma sub- ericaceum (Fr.)Sing,as an independent species with common chrysocystidia.A collection of Linder from U.S.A.(at FH)labelled as Psilocybe dichroa belongs to a Naematoloma sp.for the precense of chrysocystidia.
He considers P. dichroa to be a "doubtful species" (p. 72).
In the index he gives the species P. ericaea as synonymous with Nematoloma ericaeum. (I bring this up as a possible typo)
I found one other possible reference on the internet, but I don't read Russian, so somebody else will have to translate this. The reference is to "P. ericaceae".
Since Guzman's monograph (with supplement) is the current reference to the genus it would appear that the species probably doesn't actually exist. You have to wonder what the specimens identified as that actually were.