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OfflineRamlaen
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Peruvian Torch Seedlings
    #5931628 - 08/04/06 11:25 PM (16 years, 6 months ago)

AFOAF just got some of these in the mail. Anyone have good links for taking care of them/adjusting them to their new environment? Thanks


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Invisiblellamabox
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Re: Peruvian Torch Seedlings [Re: Ramlaen]
    #5931685 - 08/04/06 11:44 PM (16 years, 6 months ago)



--------------------

Free Ethnobotanical Seed Ring


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Invisiblerod
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Re: Peruvian Torch Seedlings [Re: llamabox]
    #5932275 - 08/05/06 03:05 AM (16 years, 6 months ago)

good info :thumbup:


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InvisibleDety
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Re: Peruvian Torch Seedlings [Re: Ramlaen]
    #5932317 - 08/05/06 03:19 AM (16 years, 6 months ago)

Quote:

Ramlaen said:
AFOAF just got some of these in the mail. Anyone have good links for taking care of them/adjusting them to their new environment? Thanks




Raising cacti from seed (by Allard Bax)



One of the benefits of growing cacti from seed is that there is an enormous availability of cactus species you can choose from. Compared to plants, seeds can be usually acquired at relatively low costs. Personally I get a lot of pleasure from sowing my own cacti. Raising cacti from seed gives you the opportunity to see all the fascinating growth stadia from your cactus from germinating seedling up to full grown flowering plant.

There are many ways of sowing cacti that have been proven successful. Here I will describe a method that I have found usefull for most cactus species. The process of sowing cacti will be explained using a step by step protocol. First I will present a list of essential equipment and other things needed for sowing cacti.


Equipment:

* cactus seed
* sowing medium (peat / regular potting soil / 1-3 mm grit (1:1:1))
* 1-3 mm grit
* seed tray and transparent top with ventilation slides
* sowing room or glasshouse with indirect bright light where an approximate temperature of 25 °C can be maintained (20 °C at night)
* ‘Superol’ tablets as a disinfectant against fungi and bacteria attacks
* plastic plant containers with drainage holes
* small transparent plastic (sandwich) bags
* plant water sprinkler
* microwave or high-pressure cooking pot for sterilizing the sowing medium and 1-3 mm grit
* chlorine based disinfectant (‘Glorix’ bleekmiddel) to clean the plastic pots
* watertight container
* watering can
* plant labels
* watertight marker



Sowing preparations:



* Prepare the sowing medium by mixing peat with regular potting soil and 1-3 mm grit (1:1:1). Make sure that your sowing medium is very loose and airy. I usually take a fist full of the medium I just made and make a fist with it. When you open your hand the medium must loosely fall apart. If it sticks together like a ball then the medium is to tight and you should add some grit to loosen it up.
* Sterilize the sowing medium for 2 hours in a high pressure cooking pot. Don’t forget to add a lot of water in the pot to prevent dehydration of the medium. Another means of sterilizing your medium is by using a microwave. Put the medium with enough water in a microwave cooking pot and sterilize for 15 minutes at 180-200 °C. You also have to sterilize some 1-3 mm grit to put on top of the sowing medium. Grit can be sterilized in the same manner as the sowing medium or it can be boiled for 10-15 minutes in a cooking pot filled with water. After sterilization keep the cooking pots closed and let the medium and grit cool down overnight.
* Clean the sowing pots with a chlorine solution in water. Don’t forget to clean the pots with water afterwards and make sure all traces of chlorine are washed off!
* Prepare a ‘Superol’ solution in the water sprinkler, 3 tablets per liter of water. Also prepare a ‘Superol’ solution (3 tablets per liter of water) in the watertight container. This is to put the plastic containers filled with sowing medium in so they can soak up the solution.



Step 1: Filling the sowing containers with the medium



Prepare and clean a table for the sowing and keep ready all the equipment you will be needing. Use 1 sowing container per species of cactus. Fill the plastic sowing containers for 50% with sowing medium and slightly press it down. Now fill the container with sowing medium up to approximately 1 cm under the edge of the container. Add 0,5 mm of sterilized grit on top of the sowing medium.

When all sowing containers are filled as described, put them in the watertight container with ‘Superol’ solution. Close the top so no infected air can come in and let the containers soak up the solution for about 2 hours. Take the containers out of the solution and let the excess water drip out. Now fill the tops of the containers for approximately 1 cm with sterilized grit (1-3 mm).


Step 2: Sowing the cactus seed



Divide the seeds equally on the top layer of grit. Naturally, one species of cactus per container. Slightly press the seeds in the grit but also make sure to do this in a sterile way, for example by putting your hand in one of the clean sandwich bags. Put a plant marker in each container and write the name of the cactus and the date on it. Now put each container in one of the transparent sandwich bags. NB. with the opening of the bag facing upward. In this way water leaking out of the containers will stay in the bag and no insects can crawl in through the drainage holes. Before closing the bags make sure you spray inside the bag with the ‘Superol’ solution a couple of times to sterilize the air in the bags. Now close the bags and place them at approximately 23°C under medium light conditions. Do not use to bright illumination and certainly do not use direct sunlight because this will burn the seedlings. You will know when your seedlings are burned when they start to turn reddish brown. When this happens immediately reduce the light intensity.



Step 3: Germination of the seed



Most seeds should germinate after about 14 days but this varies with the species of cactus. After this carefully open the bags to check for possible infections and to see if the seeds have germinated. After opening and checking the bags, spray with `Superol` solution before closing them! If all seeds (or most) are germinated you should make 2-4 small holes (for example with a big needle) to let the seedlings slowly adjust to dryer air.

It is very important now to check the containers at least once a week. Always spray with `Superol` solution when opening and closing the bags. Each week 2-4 new holes must be made into the bags and after approximately 2 months you can remove the bags completely. Keep checking the seedlings on a regular basis for infections with insects or fungi. When the bags are removed the soil will dry fast so make sure to let the containers absorb some warmish water. Do not let the containers dry but also do not keep them soaking wet after the seeds have germinated.



Step 4: Transplanting the cactus seedlings



Transplanting seedlings into fresh cactus soil is needed when 1) the soil is completely dried out or 2) the seedlings have no more room to grow because they are packed together to much or 3) when a major infection with fungus or algae has occurred. The cactus seedlings do not have to be transplanted in sterilized cactus soil. Just use the same soil mix I described earlier and they should be ok.

As the seedlings grow try to increase the light intensity but be carefull for burning because young cacti are very sensitive.


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OfflineRamlaen
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Re: Peruvian Torch Seedlings [Re: Dety]
    #5934146 - 08/05/06 07:42 PM (16 years, 6 months ago)

thanks for the info, just still not sure if i should transplant them yet or just let them grow some more, and if i should move them outside or just place them in a window sill. I'll get some pictures tonight


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