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OfflineBasilides
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Iran enriches uranium
    #5503244 - 04/11/06 02:01 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced today that the Islamic Republic of Iran has just enriched Uranium.

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced Tuesday that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.

"Iran has joined countries with nuclear technology," he said.

The U.N. Security Council has demanded that Iran stop all uranium enrichment activity by April 28. Iran has rejected the demand, saying it has a right to develop the process.

The head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency, Mohamed ElBaradei, is due in Iran this week for talks to try to resolve the standoff.

Iran's nuclear chief, Vice President Gholamreza Aghazadeh, said Iran has produced 110 tons of uranium gas, the feedstock for enrichment. (Uranium enrichment explainer)

The amount is nearly twice the 60 tons of uranium hexaflouride, or UF-6, gas that Iran said last year that it had produced.

Aghazadeh made the announcement during a nationally televised speech in the northeastern city of Mashhad, attended by top military commanders and lawmakers. Aghazadeh spoke before the president made his comments.

White House spokesman Scott McClellan said Tuesday that Tehran is "moving in the wrong direction." If it persists, the United States will discuss possible next steps with U.N. Security Council members, McClellan said aboard Air Force One en route to Missouri.

Earlier in the day, new agencies quoted former President Hashemi Rafsanjani as saying that Iran has enriched uranium. The announcement was the first disclosure that Iran had successfully enriched uranium since February, when it began research at its enrichment facility in the town of Natanz.

Rafsanjani -- a former president who is currently head of the powerful Expediency Council, a key governing body -- released the news of the enrichment first in an interview with the Kuwait News Agency in Tehran.

"Iran has put into operation the first unit of 164 centrifuges, has injected (uranium) gas and has reached industrial production," Rafsanjani was quoted by the agency as saying. The interview was also carried by the Iranian Student News Agency.

"We should expand the work of these machines to achieve a full industrial line. We need dozens of these units (sets of 164 centrifuges) to achieve a uranium enrichment facility," he said.

Enriching uranium to a low level produces fuel for nuclear reactors. To a higher level, it produces the material for a nuclear bomb. Iran would require thousands of operating centrifuges to produce sufficient uranium for either purpose. But once the unit of 164 centrifuges is up and running, its scientists have the opportunity to perfect the technology for larger-scale production.

It was the first announcement that Iran had successfully enriched uranium. in February, Iran began research at its enrichment facility in the town of Natanz.

The United States and some in Europe accuse Iran of seeking to develop nuclear weapons, an accusation Tehran denies, saying it intends only to generate electricity.

Iran's announcement precedes IAEA visit
The IAEA is due to report to the U.N. Security Council on April 28 whether Iran has met its demand for a full halt to uranium enrichment. If Tehran has not complied, the council will consider the next step. The U.S. and Europe are pressing for sanctions against Iran, a step Russia and China have so far opposed.

In London, a spokesman for the British Foreign Office recalled that Iran was under Security Council orders to "resume full and sustained suspension of all its enrichment."

"The latest Iranian statement is not particularly helpful," the spokesman said, speaking on condition of anonymity in keeping with government policy.

Rafsanjani said the breakthrough would put Iran in a good position for the visit of ElBaradei, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

"When ElBaradei arrives in Iran, he will face new circumstances," Rafsanjani said, according to KUNA.

In Vienna, officials of the International Atomic Energy Agency, whose inspectors are now in Iran, declined to comment on the report.

But a diplomat familiar with Tehran's enrichment program said it appeared to be accurate. He demanded anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss information restricted to the agency.

Rafsanjani's role unclear
It was not clear why the announcement came first from Rafsanjani, who is heading to Kuwait on Wednesday. The ultra-conservative Ahmadinejad defeated Rafsanjani, who had the support of Iran's reformists, in presidential elections last year. Rafsanjani may have been trying to upstage the president and show Iranians that he remains powerful.

Kamal Daneshyar, head of Energy Committee at the Iranian parliament, said the announcement means Iran has mastered the technical hurdles needed to enrich uranium to the 3.5 percent required to produce fuel for a reactor.

"This is a major achievement. It means Iran is now able to produce nuclear fuel for its future nuclear reactors without any reliance on foreigners," Daneshyar told the AP.

In the enrichment process, uranium gas is pumped through a series of centrifuges, where it is spun to purify it. But the process is technically difficult, requiring delicate pipe connections between dozens of centrifuges -- or hundreds for larger scale production.

Copyright 2006 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

http://edition.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/meast/04/11/iran.nuclear.ap/index.html


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"Have you found the beginning, then, that you are looking for the end? You see, the end will be where the beginning is. Congratulations to the one who stands at the beginning: that one will know the end and will not taste death."


Edited by Basilides (04/11/06 02:07 PM)


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InvisibleAlex213
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Basilides]
    #5503293 - 04/11/06 02:17 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

We don't need to shit our beds just yet tho. They enriched it to 3.5%, to make a bomb you need to enrich it to 80%.


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Offlinezappaisgod
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Alex213]
    #5504141 - 04/11/06 05:39 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

Frankly, I doubt the truth of this anyway.


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OfflineSeussA
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Alex213]
    #5504339 - 04/11/06 06:38 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

> They enriched it to 3.5%, to make a bomb you need to enrich it to 80%.


Assuming they fed gas into the cascade, I doubt even they know for certain what percentage came out. It will take them time to determine if the actual yield compares to the theoretical yield. However, the cascade they claimed to have used is very small. It would take a very long time to enrich enough uranium to build a bomb using such a small cascade.

It isn't the bomb we should be worried about right now, but the rather blatant disrespect for the UN and intentional escalation of tensions regarding the issue. For those that want war, it was a brilliant move.

I came up with a rather interesting solution... an UN security council resolution that states Iran can do as they please with nuclear research as long as they follow the lines of the NPT to the letter. However, should it ever be shown that they have pursued nuclear weapons research, then Russia and China will supply troops for the UN to use for the implementation of an immediate regime change.


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InvisibleRandalFlagg
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Seuss]
    #5504377 - 04/11/06 06:52 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

Iran is probably doing what North Korea does masterfully; rattle some sabers and talk about doing something that scares and/or pisses off the world. The world then makes promises of money and aid if the country in question stops doing whatever it was doing. It is diplomatic extortion plain and simple.


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Offlinedaimyo
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: RandalFlagg]
    #5504397 - 04/11/06 06:57 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

I can't help but feel that there is something much more sinister in the works. I don't know what, but for the last week or so I've been trying to figure it out.

Maybe Saddam gave some WMD to Iran in the months of build up to the war. Maybe Osama is in cahoots with Ahmadinejad and they have some sort of evil plan. Maybe Russia or China, or both, have some sort of alliance with Iran and are waiting to take us on.

There's just something that isn't right about this whole situation. Anyone else get that feeling?


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"I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man."


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OfflineRedstorm
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: daimyo]
    #5504447 - 04/11/06 07:10 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

I don't think the Iraq-Iran connection is probable. The others, perhaps.


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InvisibleDiploidM
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: daimyo]
    #5504520 - 04/11/06 07:28 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

There's just something that isn't right about this whole situation.

What's not right is that Ahmadinejad is a religious fanatic lunatic who WANTS to start a nuclear war. He believes a divine Saviour known as the Mahdi will appear on Earth after a worldwide cataclysm. To hasten the Mahdi's appearance, Ahmadinejad is TRYING to start world war 3 and if he gets a bomb, Israel will be the first casualty.

He has all but stated this outright.

http://eurabia.blogse.nl/log/middle-east/the-fatah-hamas-conflict-roots-and-implications.html


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Republican Values:

1) You can't get married to your spouse who is the same sex as you.
2) You can't have an abortion no matter how much you don't want a child.
3) You can't have a certain plant in your possession or you'll get locked up with a rapist and a murderer.

4) We need a smaller, less-intrusive government.


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Offlinedaimyo
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Diploid]
    #5504555 - 04/11/06 07:37 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

Yes yes, that's what I'm getting at. I'm just trying to figure out how he's manuevering this. There's something going on in the background, I can just feel it.


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"I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man."


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InvisibleDieCommie

Registered: 12/11/03
Posts: 29,258
Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Diploid]
    #5504573 - 04/11/06 07:42 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

Quote:

Diploid said:Israel will be the first casualty.


Which I suspect is why europe dosent care.


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OfflineSeussA
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: DieCommie]
    #5504754 - 04/11/06 08:35 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

> Which I suspect is why europe dosent care.

Unfortunately for Europe, the key word there was first.

> What's not right is that Ahmadinejad is a religious fanatic lunatic who WANTS to start a nuclear war.

Is he really, or is he simply promoting the image?


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Offlinezappaisgod
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Seuss]
    #5504800 - 04/11/06 08:44 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

I honestly don't know why anybody thinks he is anything other than a mouthpiece for the mad mullahs.


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OfflineAsanteA
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Seuss]
    #5506668 - 04/12/06 07:55 AM (15 years, 6 months ago)

Quote:

t will take them time to determine if the actual yield compares to the theoretical yield




That can be as simple as casting a precise volume and then weighing it.

Oh and they will probably not proceed to a U235 nuke but likely use the enriched Uranium as a fuel. This will breed Pu239 which is much easier to separate from the wastes because Plutonium is another element with different chemical properties.

If they wanted nuclear power they would definitely have chosen for a CANDU reactor, using unenriched Uranium. So its likely they might want a nuclear weapon (and who can blame them, in that region) and because they need to accumulate a lot of mass for that they'll probably go the Plutonium-239 route. The only use for an Uranium-235 nuke would be because it can be more easily miniaturized into a suitcase nuke



I heard some of the rhethoric through the news and because of the wording I have little doubt that they're after a nuclear weapon.
They would've used a CANDU reactor if they weren't, its most energy efficient and easiest to operate.


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InvisibleAlex213
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Seuss]
    #5507030 - 04/12/06 10:27 AM (15 years, 6 months ago)

Compared to the Ayatollah, Ahmadinejad almost seems sane.


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OfflineSeussA
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Asante]
    #5507232 - 04/12/06 11:29 AM (15 years, 6 months ago)

> That can be as simple as casting a precise volume and then weighing it.

*grin* ... and making LSD is as easy as mixing a few chemicals together in the correct proportions.  :wink:

> They would've used a CANDU reactor if they weren't, its most energy efficient and easiest to operate.

But you can't get weapons grade plutonium out of a ... oh, I see what you mean.... never mind...


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OfflineAsanteA
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Re: Iran enriches uranium [Re: Seuss]
    #5509071 - 04/12/06 07:22 PM (15 years, 6 months ago)

It's fun to discuss this kinda science stuff with someone who knows it beyond the books :thumbup:


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