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Offlinelordoftheshroomz
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Excerpts from my biology textbook
    #4107113 - 04/28/05 03:20 PM (12 years, 1 month ago)

hey all i was in biology class today and i thot id share some excerpts i found interesting for mycology. pharses in [] are my own writing. here they are:
Although fungi may look like plants, several characteristics show that they are more closely related to animals. Similar to plants fungi have cell walls. But the cell walls of fungi do not contain cellulose. Instead they are reinforced with chitin (KIGH-tihn), a complex carbohydrate that is also found in insect skeletons. Also, many fungi can store energy in the form of glycogen[possibly the reason why grain loving mushrooms love grain]-something that animals do all the time but plants cannot.
All fungi, as you can see have the same basic structures. The most basic structure in a fungus is a threadlike filament called hypha (HIGH-fuh plural: hyphae). Oddly enough cells in hyphae may have a single nucleus, 2 nuclei, or many nuclei. In most common types of fungi, hyphae grow down into whatever the fungus is feeding on, forming a cottony mass called mycelium (migh-SEE-lee-uhm). Most of the mycelium grows into and through the food source, secreting enzymes that break it down into compounds that can be absorbed into the fungus's cells. When the conditions are right, parts of a mycelium may become organized into the fruiting bodies you would recognize as a mushroom. Living fungi are divided into four phyla according to their life cycles-Zygomycota (zigh-goh-migh-KOHT-uh), Ascomycota (as-kuh-migh-KOHT-uh), Basidiomycota (buh-sihd-ee-uh-migh-KOHT-uh), and Deuteromycota (doo-ter-uh-migh-KOHT-uh).

Zygomycetes
These fungi are often called bread molds because this group includes the black mold that is sometimes found on bread.
Ascomycetes
The sac fungi of the fungi that belong to the pylum Ascomycota, include as many as 30,000 species recognized as mildews, molds, and yeasts. This is the largest phylum in the kindom Fungi. Other members of this phylum are edible- the rare and expensive delicacies known as morels and truffles.
Basidiomycetes
Members of the phylum Basidimycota include the fungi whose fruiting bodies form mushrooms [so our favorite psilocybe cubensis is a basidiomycete]. Although many mushrooms are good to eat, some can be poisonous. Unfortunately the difference between the delicious ones and the deadly ones may be difficult to detect. Other members of this phylum include puffballs, bracket fungi, rusts, and smuts.
Deuteromycetes
The phylum Deuteromycota is sometimes called fungi imperfecti, or "imperfect" fungi.These fungi are called imperfect because researchers have never been able to identify their sexual stages. One member of this phylum is Penicillium the source of the antibiotic penicillin.

Fungi can produce both sexually and asexually. Asexual reproduction occurs by the production of spores or fragmentation of the hyphae[which i believe would be cloning]
Sexual reproduction involves two mating types. When hyphae of opposite mating ypes meet, some of their filaments fuse together. The nuclei from the two mating types fuse and immediately undergo the process of meiosis to produce tiny spores.

Thats all i hope you all enjoyed the reading.
-lordoftheshroomz


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OfflineAeolus1369
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: lordoftheshroomz]
    #4107153 - 04/28/05 03:34 PM (12 years, 1 month ago)

Thanks prof :wink:


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Offlinelordoftheshroomz
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: Aeolus1369]
    #4107177 - 04/28/05 03:41 PM (12 years, 1 month ago)

lol no problem


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THE PATRIOT ACT MAY BE THE DOOM OF US ALL! THEY CAN GET THINGS LIKE YOUR MEDICAL/LEGAL RECORDS, YOUR INTERNET HISTORY, YOUR GOOGLE SEARCH INFORMATION, ALL WITHOUT PROBABLE CAUSE OR A WARRANT! ALSO NO ONE CAN LEGALLY TELL YOU. YOU'LL NEVER KNOW UNTIL IT'S TOO LATE, THIS ISN'T EXACTLY A FREE COUNTRY ANYMORE NOW IS IT? THEY ARE DESTROYING THIS COUNTRY SO THEY CAN GET RICHER! THE WAR IN IRAQ ACCOMPLISHED NOTHING! HELP GET THE CONSERVATIVE RIGHT WING-NUTS OUT OF POWER, MAKE AN EDUCATED VOTE!


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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: lordoftheshroomz]
    #4107218 - 04/28/05 03:54 PM (12 years, 1 month ago)

Nice read. :mushroom2: :mushroom2: :mushroom2: :mushroom2: :mushroom2:


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Offlinexburn
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: Dexter_Morgan]
    #4107419 - 04/28/05 05:01 PM (12 years, 1 month ago)

i droped my biology class last quarter but still have the book and a week ago i was going to clas and started to read the biology book instead. kinda funny i never went to the class but love the book


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Offlinelordoftheshroomz
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: xburn]
    #4107444 - 04/28/05 05:06 PM (12 years, 1 month ago)

lol now u should really love the book for its mycology :-p


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MY Glove Box, Automated Terrarium, and Incubator
Lil' Wyte, Three Six Mafia, Project Pat will bring it to ya door if theres ana on ya chest.
THE PATRIOT ACT MAY BE THE DOOM OF US ALL! THEY CAN GET THINGS LIKE YOUR MEDICAL/LEGAL RECORDS, YOUR INTERNET HISTORY, YOUR GOOGLE SEARCH INFORMATION, ALL WITHOUT PROBABLE CAUSE OR A WARRANT! ALSO NO ONE CAN LEGALLY TELL YOU. YOU'LL NEVER KNOW UNTIL IT'S TOO LATE, THIS ISN'T EXACTLY A FREE COUNTRY ANYMORE NOW IS IT? THEY ARE DESTROYING THIS COUNTRY SO THEY CAN GET RICHER! THE WAR IN IRAQ ACCOMPLISHED NOTHING! HELP GET THE CONSERVATIVE RIGHT WING-NUTS OUT OF POWER, MAKE AN EDUCATED VOTE!


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Offlinexburn
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: lordoftheshroomz]
    #4107480 - 04/28/05 05:15 PM (12 years, 1 month ago)

yeah all it takes is some common ground


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OfflineHengman
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: xburn]
    #4148414 - 05/07/05 11:34 PM (12 years, 23 days ago)

very interesting...a scientific approach to the world


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Invisibleno-tone
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: Hengman]
    #4148487 - 05/07/05 11:56 PM (12 years, 23 days ago)

General biology texts at the university level tend to be shite when it comes to fungi. At best, they are usually lumped in with plants, when fungi are actually phylogenetically closer to animalia.


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Offlinexburn
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: no-tone]
    #4148812 - 05/08/05 01:37 AM (12 years, 23 days ago)

humph i am in high school and my book giver them there own section under the bacteria, protis, fungi unit actually it has three out of the 8 sections


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Invisibleno-tone
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: xburn]
    #4148883 - 05/08/05 01:56 AM (12 years, 23 days ago)

Deem yourself lucky.

EDIT: for some reason it is no surprise to me that you are in high school.

EDIT2: If it were up to date, fungi and animalia would be considered under the broader taxa Opisthokonts.


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Edited by no-tone (05/08/05 02:03 AM)


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Offlinegratefulredhead
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: lordoftheshroomz]
    #4148949 - 05/08/05 02:29 AM (12 years, 23 days ago)

a good read! thanks, lordOTS.


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OnlinePsilosopherr
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: lordoftheshroomz]
    #17889980 - 03/02/13 01:40 AM (4 years, 2 months ago)

great read, deserves to get bumped in my opinion


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OfflineMycologist217
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Re: Excerpts from my biology textbook [Re: Psilosopherr]
    #17890147 - 03/02/13 02:17 AM (4 years, 2 months ago)

Thought I'd join the part and share an excerpt from my biology book:

"The morphology of multicellular fungi enhances their ability to grow into and absorb nutrients from their surroundings. The bodies of these fungi typically form a network of tiny filaments called hyphae...Fungal hyphae form an interwoven mass called mycelium that infiltrates the material on which the fungus feeds (substrate). A myceliums structure maximizes its surface area-to-volume ratio making feeding more efficient. Just 1 cm^3 of rich soil may contain as much as 1km of hyphae with a total surface area of 300cm^2 in contact with the soil (substrate).....
.....Fungi are not motile in the typical sense of the word-they cannot run,swim, or fly in search of food or mates. However, as they grow, fungi can move to new places, swiftly expanding the tips of their hyphae into previously unoccupied territory.


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