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a. Habitat (where [state/province/country] and what does it grow on) b. Characteristics of the gills (color, attached/not, gills/pores, etc) c. Measurements of cap and stem. d. Characteristics of the stem (color, texture, hollow/solid, thin/thick, etc) e. Characteristics of the cap (color, texture, conical/spherical, convex/concave, etc) f. Spore print color (very important!) g. Color that the mushroom bruises h. Scent of mushroom
I live in southern Louisiana and I found a mushroom in my backyard growing near a White Oak tree in open grass.The cap is 2" x 2",brown in color,gills are white,the stem is white,hollow,and about 4"-5" long.The spore print was also white.No bruising and smells very mushroomy.Also,on the edges of the top of the cap there are what looks like indentions of the gills where the flesh of the cap itself has sunken into the gills just around the edges of the cap.
I would post a pic,but unfortunatly the cam I have is a piece and would'nt be of much help.
Your description is pretty vague, so you won't get much better than wild guesses on genus.
My wild guess is Amanita. Amanita is a fairly large genus that includes many of the deadliest mushrooms in the world as well as several species considered among the best edibles. Because of the risk of misidentification it is generally advised that you don't eat Amanitas. Eating one cap from the wrong species is sufficient to kill.
A couple things you could describe that would help are:
Are the gills attached to the stem or free from it? Try cutting the mushroom in half vertically to see.
Is there a ring on the stem? This one can be tricky because there are lots of mushrooms that have fragile rings that are easily lost.
When you pick the mushroom, be certain you get the entire base of the stem. Be careful that you don't lose any fragile bits of tissue that may be part of the base of the mushroom. Amanitas usually have a cuplike structure around the base of the stem, but it's often very fragile and easy to lose when picking the mushroom.