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Offlinefft2
journeyman

Registered: 06/15/04
Posts: 106
Last seen: 12 years, 8 months
Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss
    #3046110 - 08/24/04 10:20 PM (12 years, 10 months ago)

I. Costs to the United States

A. Human Costs

U.S. Military Deaths: Between the start of war on March 19, 2003 and
June
16, 2004, 952 coalition forces were killed, including 836 U.S.
military. Of
the total, 693 were killed after President Bush declared the end of
combat
operations on May 1, 2003. Over 5,134 U.S. troops have been wounded
since
the war began, including 4,593 since May 1, 2003.

Contractor Deaths: Estimates range from 50 to 90 civilian contractors,
missionaries, and civilian worker deaths. Of these, 36 were identified
as
Americans.

Journalist Deaths: Thirty international media workers have been killed
in
Iraq, including 21 since President Bush declared the end of combat
operations. Eight of the dead worked for U.S. companies.

B. Security Costs

Terrorist Recruitment and Action: According to the London-based
International Institute for Strategic Studies, al Qaeda's membership is
now
at 18,000, with 1,000 active in Iraq. A former CIA analyst and State
Department official has documented 390 deaths and 1,892 injuries due to
terrorist attacks in 2003. In addition, there were 98 suicide attacks
around
the world in 2003, more than any year in contemporary history.

Low U.S. Credibility: Polls reveal that the war has damaged the U.S.
government's standing and credibility in the world. Surveys in eight
European and Arab countries demonstrated broad public agreement that
the war
has hurt, rather than helped, the war on terrorism. At home, 54 percent
of
Americans polled by the Annenberg Election Survey felt that the "the
situation in Iraq was not worth going to war over."


Military Mistakes: A number of former military officials have
criticized the
war, including retired Marine General Anthony Zinni, former commander
of the
U.S. Central Command, who has charged that by manufacturing a false
rationale for war, abandoning traditional allies, propping up and
trusting
Iraqi exiles, and failing to plan for post-war Iraq, the Bush
Administration
made the United States less secure.


Low Troop Morale and Lack of Equipment: A March 2004 army survey found
52
percent of soldiers reporting low morale, and three-fourths reporting
they
were poorly led by their officers. Lack of equipment has been an
ongoing
problem. The Army did not fully equip soldiers with bullet-proof vests
until
June 2004, forcing many families to purchase them out of their own
pockets.


Loss of First Responders: National Guard troops make up almost
one-third of
the U.S. Army troops now in Iraq. Their deployment puts a particularly
heavy
burden on their home communities because many are "first responders,"
including police, firefighters, and emergency medical personnel. For
example, 44 percent of the country's police forces have lost officers
to
Iraq. In some states, the absence of so many Guard troops has raised
concerns about the ability to handle natural disasters.


Use of Private Contractors: An estimated 20,000 private contractors are
carrying out work in Iraq traditionally done by the military, despite
the
fact that they often lack sufficient training and are not accountable
to the
same guidelines and reviews as military personnel.

C. Economic Costs

The Bill So Far: Congress has already approved of $126.1 billion for
Iraq
and an additional $25 billion is heading towards Congressional
approval, for
a total of $151.1 billion through this year. Congressional leaders have
promised an additional supplemental appropriation after the election.

Long-term Impact on U.S. Economy: Economist Doug Henwood has estimated
that
the war bill will add up to an average of at least $3,415 for every
U.S.
household. Another economist, James Galbraith of the University of
Texas,
predicts that while war spending may boost the economy initially, over
the
long term it is likely to bring a decade of economic troubles,
including an
expanded trade deficit and high inflation.


Oil Prices: Gas prices topped $2 a gallon in May 2004, a development
that
most analysts attribute at least in part to the deteriorating situation
in
Iraq. According to a mid-May CBS survey, 85 percent of Americans said
they
had been affected measurably by higher gas prices. According to one
estimate, if crude oil prices stay around $40 a barrel for a year, U.S.
gross domestic product will decline by more than $50 billion.


Economic Impact on Military Families: Since the beginning of the wars
in
Iraq and Afghanistan, 364,000 reserve troops and National Guard
soldiers
have been called for military service, serving tours of duty that often
last
20 months. Studies show that between 30 and 40 percent of reservists
and
National Guard members earn a lower salary when they leave civilian
employment for military deployment. Army Emergency Relief has reported
that
requests from military families for food stamps and subsidized meals
increased "several hundred percent" between 2002 and 2003.

D. Social Costs


U.S. Budget and Social Programs: The Bush administration's combination
of
massive spending on the war and tax cuts for the wealthy means less
money
for social spending. The $151.1 billion expenditure for the war through
this
year could have paid for: close to 23 million housing vouchers; health
care
for over 27 million uninsured Americans; salaries for nearly 3 million
elementary school teachers; 678,200 new fire engines; over 20 million
Head
Start slots for children; or health care coverage for 82 million
children.
Instead, the administration's FY 2005 budget request proposes deep cuts
in
critical domestic programs and virtually freezes funding for domestic
discretionary programs other than homeland security. Federal spending
cuts
will deepen the budget crises for local and state governments, which
are
expected to suffer a $6 billion shortfall in 2005.


Social Costs to the Military: Thus far, the Army has extended the tours
of
duty of 20,000 soldiers. These extensions have been particularly
difficult
for reservists, many of whom never expected to face such long
separations
from their jobs and families. According to military policy, reservists
are
not supposed to be on assignment for more than 12 months every 5-6
years. To
date, the average tour of duty for all soldiers in Iraq has been 320
days. A
recent Army survey revealed that more than half of soldiers said they
would
not re-enlist.


Costs to Veteran Health Care: About 64 percent of the more than 5,000
U.S.
soldiers injured in Iraq received wounds that prevented them from
returning
to duty. One trend has been an increase in amputees, the result of
improved
body armor that protects vital organs but not extremities. As in
previous
wars, many soldiers are likely to have received ailments that will not
be
detected for years to come. The Veterans Administration healthcare
system is
not prepared for the swelling number of claims. In May, the House of
Representatives approved funding for FY 2005 that is $2.6 billion less
than
needed, according to veterans' groups.


Mental Health Costs: A December 2003 Army report was sharply critical
of the
military's handling of mental health issues. It found that more than 15
percent of soldiers in Iraq screened positive for traumatic stress, 7.3
percent for anxiety, and 6.9 percent for depression. The suicide rate
among
soldiers increased from an eight-year average of 11.9 per 100,000 to
15.6
per 100,000 in 2003. Almost half of soldiers surveyed reported not
knowing
how to obtain mental health services.

II. Costs to Iraq

A. Human Costs


Iraqi Deaths and Injuries: As of June 16, 2004, between 9,436 and
11,317
Iraqi civilians have been killed as a result of the U.S. invasion and
ensuing occupation, while an estimated 40,000 Iraqis have been injured.
During "major combat" operations, between 4,895 and 6,370 Iraqi
soldiers and
insurgents were killed.


Effects of Depleted Uranium: The health impacts of the use of depleted
uranium weaponry in Iraq are yet to be known. The Pentagon estimates
that
U.S. and British forces used 1,100 to 2,200 tons of weaponry made from
the
toxic and radioactive metal during the March 2003 bombing campaign.
Many
scientists blame the far smaller amount of DU weapons used in the
Persian
Gulf War for illnesses among U.S. soldiers, as well as a sevenfold
increase
in child birth defects in Basra in Southern Iraq.

B. Security Costs

Rise in Crime: Murder, rape, and kidnapping have skyrocketed since
March
2003, forcing Iraqi children to stay home from school and women to stay
off
the streets at night. Violent deaths rose from an average of 14 per
month in
2002 to 357 per month in 2003.


Psychological Impact: Living under occupation without the most basic
security has devastated the Iraqi population. A poll by the U.S.
Coalition
Provisional Authority in May 2004 found that 80 percent of Iraqis say
they
have "no confidence" in either the U.S. civilian authorities or in the
coalition forces, and 55 percent would feel safer if U.S. and other
foreign
troops left the country immediately.

C. The Economic Costs

Unemployment: Iraqi joblessness doubled from 30 percent before the war
to 60
percent in the summer of 2003. While the Bush administration now claims
that
unemployment has dropped, only 1 percent of Iraq's workforce of 7
million is
involved in reconstruction projects.


Corporate War Profiteering: Most of Iraq's reconstruction has been
contracted out to U.S. companies, rather than experienced Iraqi firms.
Top
contractor Halliburton is being investigated for charging $160 million
for
meals that were never served to troops and $61 million in cost overruns
on
fuel deliveries. Halliburton employees also took $6 million in
kickbacks
from subcontractors, while other employees have reported extensive
waste,
including the abandonment of $85,000 trucks because they had flat
tires.


Iraq's Oil Economy: Anti-occupation violence has prevented Iraq from
capitalizing on its oil assets. There have been an estimated 130
attacks on
Iraq's oil infrastructure. In 2003, Iraq's oil production dropped to
1.33
million barrels per day, down from 2.04 million in 2002.


Health Infrastructure: After more than a decade of crippling sanctions,
Iraq's health facilities were further damaged during the war and
post-invasion looting. Iraq's hospitals continue to suffer from lack of
supplies and an overwhelming number of patients.

Education: UNICEF estimates that more than 200 schools were destroyed
in the
conflict and thousands more were looted in the chaos following the fall
of
Saddam Hussein. Largely because of security concerns, school attendance
in
April 2004 was well below pre-war levels.


Environment: The U.S-led attack damaged water and sewage systems and
the
country's fragile desert ecosystem. It also resulted in oil well fires
that
spewed smoke across the country and left unexposed ordnance that
continues
to endanger the Iraqi people and environment. Mines and unexploded
ordnance
cause an estimated 20 casualties per month.


Human Rights Costs: Even with Saddam Hussein overthrown, Iraqis
continue to
face human rights violations from occupying forces. In addition to the
widely publicized humiliation and abuse of prisoners, the U.S. military
is
investigating the deaths of 34 detainees as a result of interrogation
techniques.


Sovereignty Costs: Despite the proclaimed "transfer of sovereignty" to
Iraq,
the country will continue to be occupied by U.S. and coalition troops
and
have severely limited political and economic independence. The interim
government will not have the authority to reverse the nearly 100 orders
by
CPA head Paul Bremer that, among other things, allow for the
privatization
of Iraq's state-owned enterprises and prohibit preferences for domestic
firms in reconstruction.

III. Costs to the World


Human Costs: While Americans make up the vast majority of military and
contractor personnel in Iraq, other U.S.-allied "coalition" troops have
suffered 116 war casualties in Iraq. In addition, the focus on Iraq has
diverted international resources and attention away from humanitarian
crises
such as in Sudan.


International Law: The unilateral U.S. decision to go to war in Iraq
violated the United Nations Charter, setting a dangerous precedent for
other
countries to seize any opportunity to respond militarily to claimed
threats,
whether real or contrived, that must be "pre-empted." The U.S. military
has
also violated the Geneva Convention, making it more likely that in the
future, other nations will ignore these protections in their treatment
of
civilian populations and detainees.


The United Nations: At every turn, the Bush administration has attacked
the
legitimacy and credibility of the UN, undermining the institution's
capacity
to act in the future as the centerpiece of global disarmament and
conflict
resolution. The recent efforts of the Bush administration to gain UN
acceptance of an Iraqi government that was not elected but rather
installed
by occupying forces undermines the entire notion of national
sovereignty as
the basis for the UN Charter.


Coalitions: Faced with opposition in the UN Security Council, the U.S.
government attempted to create the illusion of multilateral support for
the
war by pressuring other governments to join a so-called "Coalition of
the
Willing." This not only circumvented UN authority, but also undermined
democracy in many coalition countries, where public opposition to the
war
was as high as 90 percent.


Global Economy: The $151.1 billion spent by the U.S. government on the
war
could have cut world hunger in half and covered HIV/AIDS medicine,
childhood
immunization and clean water and sanitation needs of the developing
world
for more than two years. As a factor in the oil price hike, the war has
created concerns of a return to the "stagflation" of the 1970s.
Already, the
world's major airlines are expecting an increase in costs of $1 billion
or
more per month.


Global Security: The U.S.-led war and occupation have galvanized
international terrorist organizations, placing people not only in Iraq
but
around the world at greater risk of attack. The State Department's
annual
report on international terrorism reported that in 2003 there was the
highest level of terror-related incidents deemed "significant" than at
any
time since the U.S. began issuing these figures.


Global Environment: U.S.-fired depleted uranium weapons have
contributed to
pollution of Iraq's land and water, with inevitable spillover effects
in
other countries. The heavily polluted Tigris River, for example, flows
through Iraq, Iran and Kuwait.


Human Rights: The Justice Department memo assuring the White House that
torture was legal stands in stark violation of the International
Convention
Against Torture (of which the United States is a signatory). This,
combined
with the widely publicized mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners by U.S.
intelligence officials, gave new license for torture and mistreatment
by
governments around the world.


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InvisibleAnnapurna1
liberal pussy
Female User Gallery
Registered: 05/21/02
Posts: 5,646
Loc: innsmouth..MA
Re: Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss [Re: fft2]
    #3046507 - 08/25/04 12:10 AM (12 years, 10 months ago)

and yet still..based on the latest polls..at least as many ppl as not..dont find all of the above to be reason enough to vote him out either :rolleyes:...


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Invisibleretread
-=HasH=-
Registered: 07/14/04
Posts: 851
Re: Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss [Re: fft2]
    #3046713 - 08/25/04 01:07 AM (12 years, 10 months ago)

John Kerry is a war criminal!


See how off-topic and inappropriate that was? Good job starting a seperate thread about that article, by the way, I appreciate the derailing coming to a stop. Good luck with the thread...


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Invisiblez@z.com
Libertarian
Registered: 10/13/02
Posts: 2,876
Loc: ATL
Re: Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss [Re: retread]
    #3046733 - 08/25/04 01:14 AM (12 years, 10 months ago)

Quote:

retread said:
John Kerry is a war criminal!




Perhaps he just committed perjury.


--------------------
"Of all tyrannies, a tyranny exercised for the good of its victims may be the most oppressive. It may be better to live under robber barons than under omnipotent moral busybodies. The robber baron's cruelty may sometimes sleep, his cupidity may at some point be satiated; but those who torment us for our own good will torment us without end, for they do so with the approval of their own conscience." - C.S. Lewis

"I would rather be exposed to the inconveniencies attending too much liberty than to those attending too small a degree of it." - Thomas Jefferson


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InvisibleAnnapurna1
liberal pussy
Female User Gallery
Registered: 05/21/02
Posts: 5,646
Loc: innsmouth..MA
Re: Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss [Re: retread]
    #3046788 - 08/25/04 01:29 AM (12 years, 10 months ago)

>> John Kerry is a war criminal!

as if bush isnt...


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Invisibleretread
-=HasH=-
Registered: 07/14/04
Posts: 851
Re: Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss [Re: Annapurna1]
    #3046813 - 08/25/04 01:34 AM (12 years, 10 months ago)

Show me what articles of the Geneva Convention he broke. Again, I don't like Bush, but I won't allow logical fallacies and emotionalism to come into play i na discussion without my calling schenangins.


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InvisibleAnnapurna1
liberal pussy
Female User Gallery
Registered: 05/21/02
Posts: 5,646
Loc: innsmouth..MA
Re: Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss [Re: retread]
    #3047097 - 08/25/04 02:43 AM (12 years, 10 months ago)

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/proc/imtconst.htm

the bush administration is clearly in violation of II.6 (a) and (b) of the nuremburg accord..and possibly (c) too...


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Offlinefft2
journeyman

Registered: 06/15/04
Posts: 106
Last seen: 12 years, 8 months
Re: Another 4 years, destruction and economic loss [Re: Annapurna1]
    #3047450 - 08/25/04 05:10 AM (12 years, 10 months ago)

Quote:

Annapurna1 said:
and yet still..based on the latest polls..at least as many ppl as not..dont find all of the above to be reason enough to vote him out either :rolleyes:...




Zogby Poll: Kerry INCREASES Electoral College Lead In Battleground States


Although the numbers are still very close, it shows that the Swift Boat Veterans For Lies propaganda campaign didnt work in the places where it matters. Kerry is leading in 14 of 16 battleground states and is beating Bush in the Electoral College 324 to 214. At electoral-vote.com, Kerry is winning 307-211.

http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/info-battleground04-0823print.html


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