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OfflinemotamanM
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DEA Microgram - April 2004
    #2754110 - 06/01/04 07:38 PM (12 years, 9 months ago)

http://www. usdoj.gov/dea/programs/forensicsci/microgram/mg0404/mg0404.html

Published by the Drug Enforcement Administration
Office of Forensic Sciences Washington, D.C. 20537
The U. S. Attorney General has determined that the publication of this periodical is necessary in the transaction of the public business required by the Department of Justice. Information, instructions, and disclaimers are published in the January issues.


VOL. XXXVII, NO. 4 April 2004





- INTELLIGENCE ALERT -

STONERS AND BUDDAFINGAS CANDY BARS (CONTAINING THC)
IN SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA



Photo 1
The Division of Forensic Toxicology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (Rockville, Maryland), recently received two apparent candy bars labelled as Stoners and Buddafinga, that were visually similar to the commercial candy bars Snickers? and Butterfingers? (see Photo 1, right, and 2, next page). The bars, which weighed approximately 60 g each and were packaged in foil wrappers, were forwarded to the laboratory by the Coast Guard Marine Safety Office, San Francisco Bay, where they had been provided by a defense attorney for a merchant marine who tested positive for the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) metabolite, THC-COOH, during a random urinalysis.

Following a multi-step liquid/solid extraction workup, analysis by GC-MS analysis confirmed THC at 360 micrograms/gram and 496 micrograms/gram for the Stoners and Buddafinga bars, respectively (equalling 21.6 and 29.8 milligrams of THC in the submitted bars). This was the first submission of these products to the laboratory.


Photo 2
[Editor?s Notes: A similar exhibit of a ?Stoners? candy bar was reported in the February 2004 issue of Microgram Bulletin. This is the first report of the ?Buddafingas? candy bar. The ?Buddafingas? wrapper lists the product as ?TaiNTed / Buddafinga / diggety, dankity, peanut-buttery!? and a consumer warning ?For MEDICINAL Use Only?. Both product wrappers also include marijuana leaf logos - it is therefore difficult to understand why anyone would attempt to present them as an explanation for ?unknowingly? ingesting THC.

The source for these bars is currently unknown. An Internet search lists ?Tainted Truffle? (a sub-title on the ?Stoners? candy bar) as a supporting organization for a California based marijuana legalization lobbying group, with no further information. There is nothing on ?Stoners? or ?Buddafingas?. A number of Microgram subscribers have requested information on the source of these products; therefore, if any subscriber is aware of that source, please forward that information to the Editor at: microgram _ editor @ mailsnare. net



* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE ALERT -

COUNTERFEIT METHYLPHENIDATE (RITALIN) TABLETS CONTAINING
OXYCODONE IN SANTA ROSA, CALIFORNIA


Photo 3

Photo 4

The California Bureau of Forensic Services Laboratory (Santa Rosa, California) recently received an apparently routine submission of four white tablets, diameter approximately 7 millimeters, with an ?M? in a box on one side and scored with a ?5? on the other, presumed methylphenidate (see Photos 3 and 4). The tablets were seized by the Santa Rosa Police Department pursuant to a routine traffic stop. The presumptive identification was based on the Drug Identification Bible (2003 edition, pps. 162 and 266), indicating a Mallinckrodt Inc. product (Methylin?) containing 5 milligrams of methylphenidate. Analysis by GC/FID and GC/MS, however, indicated not methylphenidate but rather oxycodone with a trace of dihydrocodeinone (not quantitated). This was the first such submission to the laboratory.


* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE ALERT -

LOLLIPOPS CONTAINING THC IN OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA


Photo 5
The Oakland Police Department Crime Laboratory (Oakland, California) recently received a case that included methamphetamine (0.41 grams), hashish (0.93 grams), MDMA (three clear, unmarked capsules containing white powder, weight not reported), and four green lollipops (total net mass 13.68 grams) suspected of containing THC (see Photo 5). The evidence was seized by the Oakland Police Department from a departing passenger at the Oakland International Airport who attempted to pass through a security checkpoint. The lollipops were 1.5 inches in diameter, were labelled ?THCees Candies?, and had the California Health and Safety code for medicinal marijuana. The labels also indicated that the lollipops were flavored (see Photo 5; other flavors included grape and ?Dr. Pepper?). Analysis of one of the lollipops by GC/MS confirmed THC (not quantitated). This is the first such submission to the laboratory.




* * * * *


- INTELLIGENCE ALERT -

UNUSUAL l-METHAMPHETAMINE CLANDESTINE LABORATORY
IN LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA



Photo 6
The DEA Southwest Laboratory (Vista, California) recently assisted agents from the Los Angeles Division in the seizure of an unusual clandestine methamphetamine laboratory in Los Angeles, California. The laboratory operators (all Asians) were manufacturing l-methamphetamine by hydrogenolysis of d-ephedrine or l-pseudoephedrine. In addition to producing the ?wrong? isomer of methamphetamine, the reduction route was unusual. The ephedrine/pseudoephedrine was activated in situ with either nitric acid and/or sodium acetate, then directly reduced with hydrogen gas over a PdCl2 / BaSO4 catalyst in a large (30 L) hydrogenator (see Photo 6). Hydrogenolysis reductions are very common in the Far East; however, in the classical Asian methodology, the ephedrine/pseudoephedrine is first reacted with thionyl chloride to form the intermediate alpha-chloro-methamphetamine, which is then reduced with hydrogen over a palladium based catalyst. The laboratory operators also recrystallized the finished product from ethanol and water, to give apparent ?Ice? methamphetamine HCl. Twenty eight kilograms of 99% l-methamphetamine HCl (packaged in Evian? water bottles) were recovered during the seizure (see Photos 7 and 8). Analysis was conducted with GC, IR, and CE. This is not the first ephedrine/pseudoephedrine hydrogenolysis laboratory seized with the assistance of the Southwest Laboratory; however, such laboratories are rarely encountered.




Photo 7

Photo 8

* * * * *
- INTELLIGENCE ALERT -

HARD-COVER BOOKS CONTAINING COCAINE IN NEW YORK, NEW YORK

The DEA Northeast Laboratory (New York, New York) recently received six hard cover books with hidden (hollowed-out) compartments in each cover, all containing strip packages of white powder, suspected cocaine. The books (dimensions 9.5 x 11 or 12 inches, width not reported) were seized in New York City by agents from the New York Division (see Photo 9). The titles (all Spanish) included five books in the ?History of Mankind? series, and also ?Diana, Princess of Wales - A Life in Pictures?. The insides of each cover were sealed with paper to conceal the hollowed-out compartments. Analysis of the powder (total net mass 1.18 kilograms) by GC/FID, GC/MS, and FTIR confirmed 86 percent cocaine hydrochloride. The Northeast Laboratory routinely receives cocaine smuggled in different consumer and manufacturing items.


Photo 9

* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE ALERT -


WOODEN SHELVING BOXES CONTAINING COCAINE
IN MIAMI, FLORIDA


Photo 10

Photo 11

The DEA Southeast Laboratory (Miami, Florida) recently received three decorative wooden shelving units, each containing additional wooden figurines (e.g., see Photo 10). Concealed in the back of each box was a clear plastic package of white powder, dimensions 15 x 11.5 x 2 inches, suspected cocaine (see Photo 11). The units originated in Guatemala, and were seized by the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement at the International Mail Facility in Miami. There was nothing in any of the figurines. Analysis of the powder (total net mass 2,949 grams) by GC/MS and FTIR confirmed 88% cocaine hydrochloride. The laboratory routinely receives controlled substances smuggled within a wide variety of consumer items.

* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE ALERT -

?CLEOPATRA?S MINI BATH TABLETS PASSION? CONTAINING DOVE
LOGO MDA TABLETS AND ?CLEOPATRA?S EXOTIC BATH SALTS
PASSION? CONTAINING ?ICE? METHAMPHETAMINE FROM
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLOMBIA


Photo 12
The DEA South Central Laboratory (Dallas, Texas) recently received ten cans of bath products, five labelled ?Cleopatra?s Mini Bath Tablets Passion? and containing 4,889 tablets with ?Dove? logos, suspected MDMA (see Photo 12, right, and 13, next page), and five labelled ?Cleopatra?s Exotic Bath Salts Passion? and containing 985.2 grams of ?shards? of slightly off-white crystalline material, suspected ?Ice? methamphetamine (see Photo 14, next page). The exhibits originated in Vancouver, British Columbia, and were addressed to a location in Dallas, Texas. The package was intercepted by the Canadian Customs Service and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and subsequently turned over to the DEA for a controlled delivery in Dallas. The tablets were white, round, biconvex, and averaged 280 milligrams; analysis by color tests, FTIR, GC/MS, GC/IRD, and HPLC, however, indicated not MDMA but rather 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) at 77 milligrams/tablet. Analysis of the crystalline shards by color tests, FTIR, GC/MS, GC/IRD, GC/FID, and HPLC confirmed 98% d-methamphetamine HCl. Although the laboratory has received similar exhibits, this is the first example of this type of packaging.


Photo 13

Photo 14

* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

COCAINE BRICKS IN PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA

The National Medical Services Laboratory (Willow Grove, Pennsylvania (north of Philadelphia)) recently received two "bricks" of suspected cocaine, one imprinted with an apparent Toyota car logo (see Photo 15), and the second imprinted with an unknown ?3-Interlocking Rings? logo (see Photo 16). The bricks originated from a location in Texas (not further specified), and were seized by the Montgomery County Narcotics Enforcement Team at the UPS Center in Philadelphia. The bricks both measured approximately 8 x 6 x 2 inches, and had a combined net mass of 1,993 grams. Each was wrapped in multiple layers of clear plastic cellophane, black rubber balloons, and brown and clear tape. Ground black pepper was interspersed between the layers of wrapping. Analysis by color tests and GC/MS confirmed cocaine (quantitation and determination of base versus HCl not performed). The laboratory has previously received similar bricks of cocaine, but this is the first submission that had logos.


Photo 15

Photo 16


* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

YOPO SEEDS IN CRETE TOWNSHIP, ILLINOIS


Photo 17

Photo 18
The Illinois State Police, Joliet Forensic Science Laboratory (Joliet, Illinois) recently received a submission of semi-round to oval-shaped, brown, flat seeds, purported ?yopo seeds? (see Photo 17). The exhibit was seized from a residence in Crete Township by the Will County Sheriff?s Department, pursuant to a domestic disturbance complaint (Will County is about 35 miles south of Chicago). Included with the seeds was an information sheet for ?yopo seeds (Anadenanthera peregrina)?, which described its use by South American Indian tribes to induce trance states and visions, and to communicate with spirits. Instructions for usage called for dry-toasting the seeds until they popped like popcorn, and then grinding them into a powder which was to be snuffed.

The thin brown outer layer of the seeds was easy to remove, revealing a homogeneous yellow inner seed (see Photo 18). After grinding, a portion of the resulting powder was subjected to preliminary color testing: Ehrlich?s (purple), and Marquis (orange). A second portion was added to 1 N NaOH and extracted with chloroform. Analysis of the concentrated chloroform extract by GC/MS gave one peak with a fragmentation pattern consistent with psilocin or bufotenine. Analysis by GC versus laboratory standards confirmed bufotenine (not quantitated). The seeds were supposedly received by mail from the Netherlands. This was the first encounter with either yopo seeds or bufotenine at the laboratory.







* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

PERUVIAN TORCH OR SAN PEDRO CACTI IN WISCONSIN


Photo 19

Wisconsin State Crime Laboratory-Madison (Madison, Wisconsin) recently received two separate submissions of plant material having the physical appearance of sliced and dried cucumbers, suspected Peruvian Torch cacti (total net mass 1,030 grams) and psilocybe mushrooms (total net mass 18 grams), respectively (law enforcement organization, location, and circumstances of seizures not provided). The ?mushrooms? were quickly recognized as actually being either Peruvian Torch or San Pedro cacti. These cacti are tubular-type plants from South America that contain mescaline. When harvested, spines are removed from the tubers, which are then sliced into disks and dried, giving them the appearance of dried cucumbers with green edges (see Photo 19). Following an acid-base extraction workup, analysis by GC/MS confirmed mescaline in both exhibits (quantitation not performed). These were the first known submissions of these type cacti to the laboratory.

* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

ANGEL TRUMPET IN MIAMI-DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA


Photo 20
The Miami-Dade Police Department (Miami, Florida) recently received a submission of 21.7 grams of large, wilted, multicolored flowers, suspected Angel Trumpet, genus Datura or Brugmansia (see Photo 20). The flowers were seized by a Miami-Dade County Public Schools police officer from a middle school student. A literature search indicated that the alkaloidal compounds of interest in Angel Trumpet are scopolamine, atropine, and hyoscyamine. The flowers were chopped and refluxed with methanol, and the resulting solution was filtered and concentrated. Analysis of the extract by GC/MS confirmed scopolamine (quantitation not performed). Atropine and hyoscyamine were not identified; however, these are more minor constituents and are not always encountered. No botanical examination was performed; therefore, the identification was presumptive. This is the laboratory?s first encounter with Angel Trumpet.

[Editor?s Note: Abuse of Datura species, including Angel Trumpet, has resulted in numerous deaths and injuries, including self-mutilations from extreme psychotic incidents. A overview of Angel Trumpet has been previously reported; see: Churchill KT. Angel Trumpet. Microgram 1995;28(8):250. Note that this issue of Microgram is law enforcement restricted.]


* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

BUFOTENINE IN MUNDELEIN, ILLINOIS

The Northern Illinois Police Crime Laboratory (Highland Park, Illinois) recently received a submission of an unknown brown solid, total net mass 0.14 grams, in a metal mints container (photo not available). The exhibit was seized by the Mundelein Police Department from an individual involved in a traffic accident (Mundelein is about 20 miles north-northwest of Chicago). The substance superficially resembled ?hash? or compressed plant material; however, microscopic and physical examination revealed that it was a hard crystalline solid. Analysis by color testing (cobalt thiocyanate (blue), Marquis (light orange), Mecke (brown), and Ehrlich?s (purple) and GC/MS indicated bufotenine (quantitation not performed). This was the first such submission ever received by the laboratory.

* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

METHAMPHETAMINE ?SUPERLAB? SEIZED IN MODESTO, CALIFORNIA

[From the NDIC Narcotics Digest Weekly 2004;3(9):2
Unclassified, Reprinted with Permission.]

On February 7, 2004, agents from the Stanislaus Drug Enforcement Agency, California Multijurisdictional Methamphetamine Enforcement Team, and Central Valley High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) arrested five Mexican nationals and seized an operational methamphetamine laboratory located in a residence in Modesto. Authorities had received information that several men who were staying at the residence had acquired large amounts of chemicals used to manufacture methamphetamine. Agents observed the residence for about a week and, after observing several men taking supplies commonly used to produce methamphetamine into the residence, obtained a search warrant. Shortly after the warrant was obtained, agents observed a suspect loading garbage bags into the back seat of his car before leaving the residence. The suspect was followed until he was away from the residence, when officers stopped his vehicle. A search of the vehicle revealed two garbage bags containing 80
pounds of ephedrine. The driver was arrested and charged with manufacturing methamphetamine and possession of a controlled substance for sale. After his arrest, agents prepared to serve the search warrant on the residence. Just prior to entering the residence, four suspects were observed fleeing. Three suspects were captured, arrested, and charged with manufacturing methamphetamine, criminal conspiracy, and resisting arrest. The fourth suspect was found in a trailer located on the property; he was arrested and charged with manufacturing methamphetamine, criminal conspiracy, battery on a police officer, and resisting arrest. Inside the residence agents found evidence of methamphetamine manufacture in every room. They seized over 300 gallons of alcohol, 96 pounds of red phosphorus, 80 pounds of ephedrine, and several weapons. This laboratory was the largest ever seized in Stanislaus County.

NDIC Comment: This laboratory was designated a super lab because officers concluded that it was capable of producing at least 10 pounds of methamphetamine per production cycle. Super labs located in California supply much of the domestically produced methamphetamine available throughout the country. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) National Clandestine Laboratory Seizure System (NCLSS), authorities reported that 788 methamphetamine laboratories were seized in California in 2003, of which 123 were super labs. Moreover, of the 55 reported methamphetamine laboratories seized in Stanislaus County in 2003, eight were super labs. Stanislaus County ranked fourth among California counties for the number of methamphetamine laboratories seized (55), after San Bernardino (152), Los Angeles (140), and Riverside (101) Counties.

* * * * *

- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

LSD LABORATORY SEIZED IN SEATTLE, WASHINGTON

[From the NDIC Narcotics Digest Weekly 2004;3(9):2
Unclassified, Reprinted with Permission.]

On February 5, 2004, agents from the DEA with assistance from the Seattle Police Department arrested an individual and seized chemicals and glassware necessary to manufacture LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) from his residence. The suspect, a former computer executive who lived in a Seattle suburban estate valued at $2.5 million, was arrested while away from his residence allegedly negotiating a purchase of ergotamine tartrate, an LSD precursor, via telephone from a source in Vietnam. After arresting the subject, DEA agents executed a federal search warrant at his residence resulting in the seizure of approximately 30 liters of chemicals including ether, chloroform, nitrogen, anhydrous ammonia, and bromide. Law enforcement officials also seized computers, glassware, a vacuum pump, a distillation unit, a manual explaining how to manufacture LSD, receipts for chemical and glassware purchases, and approximately 500 OxyContin tablets. According to DEA officials, the suspect had not produced any LSD. The suspect was charged with attempted manufacture of LSD and attempted possession of ergotamine tartrate. The King County Sheriff's Office, Seattle Fire Department, and Seattle Medic 1 Unit participated in this investigation.

NDIC Comment: Seizures of LSD laboratories in the United States are rare. According to NCLSS seizure data, law enforcement officials seized one LSD laboratory in Kansas in 2000, one in Missouri in 2002, and one in California in 2003. Most LSD available in the United States is produced primarily in Northern California and the Pacific Northwest by a relatively small network of experienced chemists; however, independent dealers throughout the country produce the drug in limited quantities.

* * * * *
- INTELLIGENCE BRIEF -

?GRABA? (DRIED KHAT) SEIZED IN KANSAS CITY

[From the NDIC Narcotics Digest Weekly 2004;3(13):3
Unclassified, Reprinted with Permission.]

Missouri: On March 4, 2004, officers from the Kansas City Police Department seized three bundles of khat and three small plastic bags filled with a dried form of khat, known as graba, from a Kansas City apartment. Officers went to the apartment after receiving information that several Somali males at the apartment were in possession of khat. An officer knocked on the door of the apartment and, when one of the occupants opened the door, the officer observed several males holding a green leafy substance that he recognized as khat. When the individual who opened the door realized that police were present, he immediately tried to shut the door. However, three officers entered the apartment based on reasonable suspicion that a crime was occurring. Officers conducted a search of the apartment for additional individuals, during which time officers discovered a total of six men as well as three bundles of khat and two plastic bags filled with graba. Officers also requested and obtained consent to search one of the suspect's vehicles, where he located an additional plastic bag filled with graba. According to the Kansas City Police Department, the availability of khat leaves has declined in the Kansas City area. At the same time, the availability of graba has increased. This is at least the third time this year that Kansas City Police Department officers seized graba. On January 4, 2004, officers seized 13.2 pounds of graba from an Ethiopian national and on January 28, 2004, officers seized 38 grams of graba from a Somali national.

NDIC Comment: Graba, often similar in appearance to marijuana, usually is produced in Ethiopia and commonly is dried before it is transported to the United States. Graba, like fresh khat leaves, contains cathinone, a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act; however, according to DEA, cathinone in khat begins to degrade 48 hours after the plant has been cut. Conversely, the Kansas City Regional Crime Lab reports that dried graba leaves maintain their cathinone content for an extended period of time. Unlike fresh khat, graba does not need to be kept moist prior to consumption, making graba easier to transport and package.

[Editor?s Notes: To clarify the apparent ambiguity between the DEA and Kansas City Regional Crime Lab statements, cathinone begins to degrade in fresh cut leaf within 48 hours, unless it is refrigerated or dried. Most of the khat seizures in this country are of fresh leaf, wrapped in a combination of moist paper and banana leaves or similar, and often shipped in coolers. The appearance of ?graba? in the U.S. may be in response to the loss of potency in the fresh leaf, resulting from degradation during extended shipping and/or Customs delays.]


CORRECTIONS, CLARIFICATIONS, AND UPDATES

Europol is Not Part of Interpol

Sir: With regard to the March 2004 edition of Microgram Bulletin, and the item about 2C-I, your notes on page 48 referring to a related article in the May 2003 edition of the Europol Drugs Intelligence Bulletin are appreciated. However, please note that Europol is not ?the drug arm of Interpol? as stated on page 49. In fact Europol is a totally separate entity - being the (single) law enforcement intelligence agency for the European Union. The Drugs Unit is a part of Europol which is mandated to deal with all areas of major organized crime. Europol co-operates with international organizations, including Interpol.

- - - - - - - - - -

Additional Information on N-Methylpyrrolidinone - I

Sir: I have just received a copy of the March issue of Microgram Bulletin and read the Intelligence Alert regarding N Methylpyrrolidinone (NMP). This compound was predicted to be a possible GHB analog in early 2001, and there is analytical information regarding it in the January 2001 issue of the CLIC Journal.

[Editor?s Notes: The referenced article is: Morris JA. Analogs of GHB. Part 2: Analytical Perspective. Journal of the Clandestine Laboratory Investigating Chemists Association 2001;11(1):16. Note that the Journal of the Clandestine Laboratory Investigating Chemists Association is a law enforcement restricted publication.]

- - - - - - - - - -

Additional Information on N-Methylpyrrolidinone - II

Sir: Some paint strippers contain a mixture of GBL and NMP as solvents. It would not be inconceivable that some entrepreneur attempted to make GHB from such a solvent, not realizing (or caring) about the presence or adverse effects of NMP. The net result would be a combination of GHB and NMP, as mentioned in the March Microgram Bulletin.

- - - - - - - - - -

?Factory-Sealed? Cans May Not Be....

Sir: The January 2004 issue of Microgram Bulletin contained an Intelligence Alert on Page 6 referring to the smuggling of marijuana in ?factory sealed? cans. Our laboratory had an encounter with this technique many years ago (reported in Microgram*), in an exhibit mailed from the Bahamas. The exhibit consisted of two apparently factory sealed 5 lb cans of ?processed cheddar cheese? which in fact contained compressed marijuana with lead weights incorporated to make the cans weigh a little over 5 pounds each. However, the cans only appeared to be factory sealed. Removal of the labels revealed that the cans had been slit open along the circumference of the cans at the mid point of the sides, and the original contents removed and replaced; then the cut edges were filed smooth, carefully aligned back together again, and sealed with aluminum tape. With the labels then replaced, the cans appeared to be factory sealed with the tampering very effectively disguised - i.e., the cans exhibited a perfectly normal appearance. The latest report does not mention whether a similar technique was used, but it is important to note that exhibits of this type do not necessarily require commercial canning equipment to produce cans that appear to be ?factory sealed.? As our experience demonstrated, the same appearance can be produced with relatively unsophisticated tools found in a home workshop. Investigators are therefore well advised to remove labels from suspicious containers to reveal what may be concealed underneath.

[* The referenced Intelligence Brief citation is: Microgram 1987;20(4):48. Note that the Microgram was a law enforcement restricted publication in 1987, and remains under that restriction.]


Unusual Solvent Mixture in Methamphetamine May Be NORPAR-15

Sir: The January 2004 issue of Microgram Bulletin contained an Intelligence Brief on Page 9 referring to 7.5 kilograms of methamphetamine hydrochloride containing an unusual residual solvent mixture consisting of tridecane, tetradecane, pentadecane, and hexadecane (C-13 through C-16) in an approximate 1:20:4:2 ratio. An article about fire debris analysis published in the September 1995 issue of the Southern Association of Forensic Sciences Newsletter presented data for an Exxon product termed NORPAR-15, which contains a mixture of C-13 through C-17 hydrocarbons. The published chromatogram for NORPAR-15 appears to be remarkably similar to the chromatogram reported in the January 2004 Microgram Bulletin for the referenced residual solvent mixture, suggesting that it or a similar product was used during the illicit production of these methamphetamine hydrochloride exhibits.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Selected Intelligence Brief

Piperazines

A number of piperazines have appeared on the illicit markets over the past few years, as MDMA mimics. These include the following compounds:

Piperazine Most Commonly Used Acronym
1-Benzylpiperazine BZP
1-(3-Chlorophenyl)piperazine mCPP
1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)piperazine MeOPP*
1-(3,4-Methylenedioxybenzyl)piperazine MDBP
1-(3-Trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine TFMPP

* The meta- (1-(3-methoxyphenyl)piperazine) and especially the ortho- (1-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine) isomers may also be circulating (to date, there has been no formal GC/MS study comparing the retention times and spectra of the three isomers). At present, all three isomers are abbreviated as MeOPP (the ortho- isomer has also been abbreviated as OMPP; however, this acronym is not commonly used at this time).

For a general overview on the piperazines (focusing on BZP and TFMPP), see: DEA Office of Domestic Intelligence, Domestic Strategic Intelligence Unit. BZP and TFMPP: Chemicals Used to Mimic MDMA?s Effects. Microgram Bulletin 2002;35(5):123 (Note: Law Enforcement Restricted Issue).

Although there are extensive studies on the pharmacology and toxicology of the piperazines, there have been surprisingly few references providing analytical data for these compounds. Of note, BZP, mCPP, ortho-MeOPP, and TFMPP are all human metabolites of various prescription medications.

1. Aunan JE, Ely RA. Presented at the 9th Annual Clandestine Laboratory Investigating Chemists Association Technical Training Seminar, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, September 8 - 11, 1999. [Presents TLC, GC/MS, GC/IR, and FTIR for seven piperazines.]

2. de Boer D, Bosman IJ, Hidvegi E, Manzoni C, Benko AA, dos Reys LJAL, Maes RAA. Piperazine-like compounds: A new group of designer drugs-of-abuse on the European market. Forensic Science International 2001;121(1-2):47. [Presents mass spectral data for various piperazines.]

3. Kercheval JC. GC/MS analysis of BZP and TFMPP. Mid-Atlantic Association of Forensic Sciences Newsletter 2004, Issue 32-2 (no page numbers). [Presents the GC/MS analyses of BZP and TFMPP (includes mass spectra of both compounds)].


* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


Edited by motaman (06/01/04 07:43 PM)


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Anonymous

Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: motaman]
    #2754617 - 06/01/04 10:16 PM (12 years, 9 months ago)

Very interesting stuff...


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Offlinetripin420
jus chillin
Registered: 05/20/03
Posts: 170
Last seen: 12 years, 8 months
Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: motaman]
    #2754797 - 06/01/04 11:14 PM (12 years, 9 months ago)

from my knowldge this is totally allowed in the us
PERUVIAN TORCH
it is said to be used as a insent
but of course u can eat it and trip the fukk out but its the same thing as spores u can have them but cant grow them well these u can have but u cant eat em


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Invisiblezeta
Stranger

Registered: 05/25/02
Posts: 3,972
Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: tripin420]
    #2755888 - 06/02/04 06:45 AM (12 years, 9 months ago)

AHAHAH that's funny... producing 28kg of a completely inactive drug  :nut:


Edited by zeta (06/02/04 06:52 AM)


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OfflineAneglakya
mephiticconjurator

Registered: 03/17/02
Posts: 4,461
Last seen: 6 years, 9 months
Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: zeta]
    #2756028 - 06/02/04 09:46 AM (12 years, 9 months ago)

" the officer observed several males holding a green leafy substance that he recognized as khat." Yeah because khat is a HUGE problem in the US and its flooding the streets... sure.

Khat is about as dangerous as coffee and more people have died from caffiene overdose. Why khat, peyote, and iboga are illegal is totally beyond my comprehension.


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OfflineLegoulash
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Registered: 09/07/02
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Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: Aneglakya]
    #2756437 - 06/02/04 12:38 PM (12 years, 9 months ago)

and mushroom and pot and so on and so forth


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OfflineMadtowntripper
Sun-Beams out of Cucumbers
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Registered: 03/06/03
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Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: motaman]
    #2756610 - 06/02/04 01:47 PM (12 years, 9 months ago)

Buddafingers?

Stoners Bars?

At the local conveinence store?


--------------------
After one comes, through contact with it's administrators, no longer to cherish greatly the law as a remedy in abuses, then the bottle becomes a sovereign means of direct action.  If you cannot throw it at least you can always drink out of it.  - Ernest Hemingway

If it is life that you feel you are missing I can tell you where to find it.  In the law courts, in business, in government.  There is nothing occurring in the streets. Nothing but a dumbshow composed of the helpless and the impotent.    -Cormac MacCarthy

He who learns must suffer. And even in our sleep pain that cannot forget falls drop by drop upon the heart, and in our own despair, against our will, comes wisdom to us by the awful grace of God.  - Aeschylus


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OfflineDreamer987
The VerbalHerman Munster
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Registered: 04/15/03
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Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: motaman]
    #2758641 - 06/02/04 11:27 PM (12 years, 9 months ago)

A number of Microgram subscribers have requested information on the source of these products; therefore, if any subscriber is aware of that source, please forward that information to the Editor at: microgram _ editor @ mailsnare. net


:lol:


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Offlinedaba
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Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: motaman]
    #2758985 - 06/03/04 12:40 AM (12 years, 9 months ago)

:drinkcoffee:



My uncle has a store in Willow Grove, PA. I never knew that close by, there were kilos of cocaine just waiting to be harvested!


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OfflineAsanteA
light your candle on my love
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Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: motaman]
    #2762585 - 06/04/04 10:15 AM (12 years, 9 months ago)

**According to DEA officials, the suspect had not produced any LSD. The suspect was charged with attempted manufacture of LSD and attempted possession of ergotamine tartrate.**

errr.. wha?
So let me get this one straight:

1..The "LSD lab" had never produced any LSD

2..The "LSD lab" never came into posession of the LSD precursor

3..If you live in the USA and do not posess the VITAL precursor to LSD and thus it is impossible to even TRY to make LSD and in fact the DEA states NO LSD WAS EVER MADE your toolshed can still be labeled an LSD lab and you go to jail for it.



"I raped an elderly couple, empaled their poodle on the christmas tree and made it watch the whole thing! Why did you get jailed?"

"Well, err.. I got life because i was caught with basic highschool chem equipment and they say i wanted to get a migraine drug that combined with other basic stuff i also didnt have might perhaps make a nonaddictive Schedule I drug some hardcore folks spend $15 a year on."



HOLD IT RIGHT THERE!! Now sloooowly back away from the voting booth.. Drop the pencil! I SAID DROP IT! Good.. Now you were about to elect a president. Say after me: PREZ-ZEE-DENT. Have you heard that word before?




There are six billion people on this earth. A quarter of all people who are in prison are in a small country that calls itself "the land of the free" and when they get out they will never be able to hold a responsible job because of their criminal record.

20% of all arrests are based on posession of the flowers of the plant George Washington grew and over 80% of law enforcement attention focuses on a small minority who have been racially enslaved and weren't even allowed to sit in a CITY BUS some 40 years ago.

Drug-law enforcement has become profitable by invasion and confiscation of property by an all-out War fought by stormtroopers of the Drug Enforcement Army that can call in the US Army for heavy weapons and defoliant herbicide air strikes.

Perhaps we'll soon see the day where the Drug Enforcement Army commander decides America is too important to leave to a president, as has happened throughout history.

Anyway, I trust Reuters will flash me a popup when its time to duck & cover :mad2:



.


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Offlinebaraka
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Re: DEA Microgram - April 2004 [Re: motaman]
    #2772506 - 06/07/04 07:21 PM (12 years, 9 months ago)

Well done post, i alwyas like to read the microgram.


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