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Newton's Third Law dictates: "For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction."
Jets and airplanes operate on this principal, amongst others. The engine of the jet expels its force in one direction and creates the equal and opposite reaction of the jet soaring in the opposite direction.
Consider the flying motion of birds. A bird flies by use of its wings. The wings of a bird push air downwards. In turn, the air reacts by pushing the bird upwards. The size of the force on the air equals the size of the force on the bird; the direction of the force on the air (downwards) is opposite the direction of the force on the bird (upwards). For every action, there is an equal (in size) and opposite (in direction) reaction. Action-reaction force pairs make it possible for birds to fly.
Consider the motion of your automobile. An automobile is equipped with wheels which spin backwards. As the wheels spin backwards, they push the road backwards. In turn, the road reacts by pushing the wheels forward. The size of the force on the road equals the size of the force on the wheels (or automobile); the direction of the force on the road (downwards) is opposite the direction of the force on the wheels (upwards). For every action, there is an equal (in size) and opposite (in direction) reaction. Action-reaction force pairs make it possible for automobiles to move.
Now let's venture into another category: Human Nature.
What examples of Newton's third law can be demonstrated in individual psychologies, human interactions, and societies?
One example: One has led a life of living in the 'School of Hard Knocks', enduring tough trials and tribulations in the crime ridden slums of a poverty-stricken ghetto, hence has learned all the ways of criminal-survival, and so on. Through osmosis the individual has acquired a criminal-mentality and is no stranger to such harrowing methods of acquisition, survival, and life.
What is the opposite and equal reaction?
Although multiple answers may be extrapolated and inferred, a particular aspect which comes to mind is that the individual is now capable of being a superb detective. For a detective to be truly great, he or she must know how a criminal's mind works, and how to truly think like a criminal. A naturally naive and innocent-minded individual may have a more difficult time attempting to hunt criminals for a living, as opposed to a criminally-minded detective. "It takes one to know one." One may also point out that the innocent-minded individual may be capable of simply adopting the techniques of a successful and prolific detective--but that is beside the point--and moreover, one could also counter-argue that learning such knowledge to become more adept in a particular field is an example of Newton's 3rd law, in action.
If one makes a mistake, what is the equal and opposite reaction of such? The knowledge and wisdom gained from the event. What is the equal and opposite reaction of child falling off a bicycle whilst trying to learn how to manipulate such a transportation device? A step closer towards the success of mastering the bicycle. What is the equal and opposite reaction of enduring painful moments and challenging times in Life? Internal strength and power. What is the equal and opposite reaction of internal insecurity? Outward projections of ostensive security. What is the equal and opposite reaction of making sacrifices? Success, and rewards. What is the equal and opposite reaction of taking risks? Success.. even if it?s a failed risk, the reaction of that is gained wisdom, hence, another step closer towards success and the goal of which the risks were geared towards.
Akin to all aerial-traversing objects of the sapphire-blue sky? Without blowing hot air around (risks) you will never progress forward and fly amongst the clouds (success).
Some folks will feel safer on the stable ground, whereas some people thrive off of the thrill in mid-air flight. Neither sides of the spectrum are necessarily better than the other, simply different.
Now, the last two shall be left for discussion and debate amongst all you great thinkers and philosophers:
What is the equal and opposite reaction in taking the risk of believing and putting faith in the unknown/unproven?
What is the equal and opposite reaction of believing in only that which can be absolutely validated and proved?
-------------------- Coffee should be black as hell, strong as death, and sweet as love.
There is a theory that says that all our energy(thinking believing loving hating actions everything) gets all mixed up and equalized in the highest plane of concsiousness that could ever be and so everything that everyone does somehow gets equalized by something else.
As for your two questions I think that the answers merely depend to the individual or in other words theory of relativity.