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Registered: 12/24/99
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Mushroom COLOR Identification Chart?
    #2442271 - 03/17/04 08:59 AM (14 years, 3 months ago)

Is there a chart that shows all the different colors that they use to describe mushrooms in the books?

I'm sure that there is, but there are a ton of names for the colors that i'm not familiar with.. where can i find one of those?

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Re: Mushroom COLOR Identification Chart? [Re: GGreatOne234]
    #2442986 - 03/17/04 01:15 PM (14 years, 3 months ago)

The references used for those color names are books. Unfortunately, they are out of print now. You might be able to find a copy through a used book service. I seriously doubt if you could get a copy of Ridgway, unless you've got money to burn.

An excellent reference to the topic is here.

It would sure be nice if somebody would cross reference those names into something available and modern like Pantone.

Happy mushrooming!

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Re: Mushroom COLOR Identification Chart? [Re: ToxicMan]
    #2446303 - 03/18/04 08:41 AM (14 years, 3 months ago)

Yeah, thanks toxicman, this is what im talking about, but they don't have the actual color represented next to each color-name:


Aerugineus: bluish green, verdigris

Aeruginosus: bluish green, verdigris

Agyraceus: silvery white

Albellus: whitish

Albescens: whitish

Albicans: becoming white

Albidior: whitish

Albidus: whitish

Albineus: whitish

Albus: white, dead white

Alutaceus: buff, tan

Argenteus: silvery white

Argillaceus: light white clay, light brown ash-color

Armeniacus: apricot color

Ater: lusterless black

Atratus: clothed in black

Aurantiacus: light full orange, Cadmium orange

Aureolus: gold colored, Cadmium yellow

Aureus: gold colored, Cadmium yellow

Azureus: ultramarine


Badius: reddish brown, bay horse

Brunneus: Vandyke brown


Caeruleo-fuscus: dusky blue

Caeruleus: azure, pale blue

Caerulescens: becoming blue

Caesius: pale bluish gray, gray eyes

Candicans: becoming white

Candidus: shining white

Canus: very pale neutral gray, gray hair

Carneolus: flesh color

Carneus: pale red

Castaneus: chestnut

Cerinus: deeper and duller than straw color

Cerussatus: colored with white lead

Cervicolor: fawn color

Cervinus: dark fawn color

Chalybaeus: steel or iron gray

Cinerascens: becoming ash gray

Cinereo-pallidus: pale chalky gray

Cinereus: wood ashes color

Cinnabarinus: cinnabar red

Cinnamomeus: cinnamon

Citrinus: lemon yellow

Coccineus: deep scarlet, carmine

Coffeatus: roasted coffee

Coracinus: raven black, tinge of blue

Croceus: saffron yellow

Crustulinus: toast color

Cyanellus: sky blue

Cyaneus: ultramarine


Dealbatus: plastered white

Denigratus: blackened, dark dusky brown


Eburneus: ivory white

Ermineus: ermine white


Ferrugineus: rust red

Flammeolus: flame colored

Flavidus: very full, rich yellow

Flavissimus: brightest yellow

Flavus: full bright yellow, gamboge

Fuligineus: smoky

Fuliginosus: sooty black

Fulmineus: flame colored

Fulvo-cinnamomeus: tawny cinnamon

Fulvellus: pale, redder than lion color

Fulvus: tawny, lion colored

Fumosus: smoky

Furvus: swarthy

Fuscus: dusky, almost too brown for gray


Galbanus: green-yellow, gum galbanum

Gilvus: yellow-cinnamon, cream-colored horse

Glaucescens: pale greenish gray

Glaucus: greenish gray

Griseus: somewhat darker than wood ashes


Helvolo-alutaceus: yellowish tan

Helvolus: light buff, yellowish buff, like white grapes or white wine

Helvus: light bay, cow color

Hepaticus: liver colored

Hinnuleus: dark fawn color, tawny cinnamon

Hysginus: red-flesh color


Ianthus: violet

Ictericus: ochre-yellow color

Icterinus: ochre-yellow color

Igneus: flame color

Incanus: very pale neutral gray, gray eyes

Incarnatus: flesh color

Ionides: violet

Isabellinus: light brownish yellow, dirty

cream color, unwashed linen


Lateritius: like old red tiles

Lazulinus: ultramarine

Leochromus: tawny, lion-color

Leoninus: tawny, lion-color

Ligneo-brunneus: wood brown

Lilaceus: lilac, mauve

Livescens: becoming bluish or leaden gray

Liveus: bluish or leaden gray

Lixivius: darker and browner than ashes

Luridus: sallow, wan

Luteolus: pale yellow

Luteus: light yellow


Melleus: honey color

Miniatus: scarlet

Molybdus: bluish or lead gray

Murinus: mouse gray

Myochrous: dusky umber


Niger: glistening black

Nigerrimus: black as black can be

Nigrescens: gray, turning black with age

Nigricans: gray, turning black with age

Nitellinus: door mouse color (England)

Niveus: snow white


Ochraceus: yellow-ochre

Olivaceus: olive-green

Olivascens: becoming olive-green

Oniscus: light gray, codfish scales


Pausicus: olive green (variant)

Persicinus: peach color

Persicolor: peach color

Piceo-ater: black as pitch

Plumbeus: lead gray

Porphyro-leucus: purplish white

Pullatus: clothed in black

Puniceus: almost purple-red

Purpureus: bluish purple


Ravidus: dark gray

Rhabarbarinus: light brownish yellow

Rosaceus: rosy pink

Rosellus: pink

Roseus: rosy pink

Rubellus: reddish

Rubens: brick red

Ruber: dull red

Rubescens: becoming red

Ribiginosus: rust red

Rufidulus: reddish

Rufulus: reddish

Rufus: dull red

Russus: dull red

Rutilans: purplish brick red

Rutilus: purplish brick red


Sanguineus: blood red

Spadiceus: date brown

Stramineus: straw color

Sublateritius: lighter than old red tiles

Sulphureus: sulphur yellow


Testaceus: brick red, rusty tawny


Umbrinus: dark brown, brown horse

Ustalis: warm reddish bay, between red-ochre and brown-madder


Vaccineus: light bay

Vinaceus: reddish, near claret colored

Violaceus: violet, reddish purple

Virescens: turning green

Virgineus: pure white

Viridans: turning green

Viridis: green (no definite hue)

Vitellinus: egg-yolk yellow, cantharelle

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Re: Mushroom COLOR Identification Chart? [Re: GGreatOne234]
    #2446427 - 03/18/04 09:56 AM (14 years, 3 months ago)

Part of the problem is that Fries' colors (the ones you listed) don't seem to be as specific as the other references. So those English descriptions are probably about as good as you'll get for most of them.

The problem with putting color swatches on the internet is that very few people have calibrated their color displays. So almost nobody would be able to see the colors correctly. While this site has a nice selection of swatches, we can be pretty certain that we aren't seeing the same thing when we each look at that page.

The standard solution has been the use of books with standardized color swatches such as Ridgway and Methuen. But those books are out of print and not cheap, assuming you can find a copy at all.

Pantone is a multi-billion dollar company that does nothing but standardising color and color reproduction. They have lots of products for doing these sorts of things, but they're not cheap, and they aren't what all the mycology books use.

I'll try asking around a bit and see if I can't come up with a more satisfying answer.

Happy mushrooming!

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