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PSILOCYBIN MUSHROOMS (Controlled Substance Schedule I) Active Substances : Psilocybin and Psilocin
Appearance: Because mushrooms begin to spoil and mold soon after harvesting, they are normally preserved by drying. Once dried, the mushrooms take on a characteristically stiff and wilted appearance, and usually have a tan or brown color. Typical drying methods include putting the mushrooms in an oven on low temperature, or spreading them on a screen to dry in warm air.
Effect on Central Nervous System : Hallucinogen Psilocybin mushrooms contain the chemicals psilocybin and, to a lesser extent, psilocin. Upon ingestion, the body converts the psilocybin to psilocin, making the latter primarily responsible for the hallucinogenic effects.
- Range of effects similar to LSD, however the potency of LSD is much greater. In small amounts there may be only a slight stimulant effect, slightly increased blood pressure, and dilated pupils. As the dosage of psilocybin increases, sight and sound become distorted, and feelings of excitement or anxiety may take place. Large amounts produce hallucinations. Patterns of effects described as follows:
First 30 minutes ? Dizziness, light-headedness or giddiness, weakness, muscle aching and twitching, shivering, nausea, abdominal discomfort, anxiety, tension, restlessness, numbness of the tongue, lips or mouth, heaviness or lightness of the extremities.
30 to 60 minutes ? Blurred vision, brighter colors, longer afterimages, sharp definition of objects, visual patterns (eyes closed), increased acuity of hearing, yawning, tearing, facial flushing, sweating, dreamy state, loss of attention and concentration, slow thinking, feelings of unreality, difficult and tremulous speech.
60 to 90 minutes ? Increased visual effects (colored patterns and shapes, generally pleasing, sometimes frightening, most often with eyes closed, occasionally superimposed upon objects in field of vision), undulation of viewed surfaces, distance perception impaired, euphoria, general stimulation, slowed passage of time.
90 to 120 minutes ? Continuation of many of the above effects in varying degrees, especially introspective state, increased bodily sensations and mental perceptions.
120 to 180 minutes ? Waning of previously described effects.
180 to 300 minutes ? Nearly complete resolution of drug-induced effects. Other effects reported, although not as frequently as those outlined above include: decreased salivation and appetite, transient sexual feelings, and synesthesias. Dependence : physical - none ; psychological - unknown ;
Tolerance - yes
Medical Use: None
Street Names : Food of the gods, funny mushrooms, happy mushrooms, magic mushrooms, mushrooms, sacred mushrooms, shrooms, teonanacatl, and blue halo.
Source: Numerous species grow wild in many areas of the country, particularly on the west coast and southern states. In these states, psilocybin mushrooms can be found growing virtually anywhere; in forests, grassy areas; along roads, and particularly in nutrientrich pastures. Mushrooms thrive between spring and fall, and users search the country side for these mushrooms. However, Psilocybin and poisonous mushrooms look very much alike - must be very careful when picking.
Psilocybin mushrooms are commonly grown indoors. These garage and basement operations are popular because it can be much easier to grow the mushrooms rather than search for them in the wild, and the user is not exposed to the dangers involved with picking poisonous varieties. Although the substances psilocybin and psilocin, as well as the mushrooms that contain them are illegal, the mushroom spores are not. Because ofthis legal loophole, psilocybin mushroom spores can be legally purchased through various sources. Kits containing everything needed to grow psilocybin mushrooms are advertised and sold in counterculture magazines.
History: Used for centuries by Indian cultures of Mexico and Central America. They called the mushroom ?teonanacatl?, meaning ?food of the gods?. Based on stone artifacts, psilocybin mushroom use in religious ceremonies dates back to at least 1500 B.C. In 1953, a French mycologist (one who studies fungi) identified these as mushrooms of the genus psilocybe. Subsequently, Albert Hofmann, the discoverer of LSD, and his colleagues at Sandoz Labs in Switzerland, isolated two substances from the psilocybe mushrooms; psilocybin and psilocin (also in various other species).
Packaging: At the street level, mushrooms are normally packaged in plastic sandwich bags, and may be entirely intact, broken into small pieces, or occasionally ground into a powder. When ground into a powder, the mushrooms may be packaged in gelatin capsules. ally, regular mushrooms are laced with such drugs as PCP or LSD and sold on the street as psilocybin mushrooms to the unsuspecting user.
Methods of Ingestion: Usually eaten, either fresh or dried. Occasionally used to brew a tea. Sometimes ground and placed in gelatin capsules. Sometimes used in recipes in lieu of regular mushrooms. Some users smoke crushed and dried psilocybin mushrooms mixed with marijuana. One gram of dried mushrooms (includes stem and cap) with a potency of 1% would contain 10mg of psilocybin and psilocin. For the average user a dose of 20mg will produce a relaxed feeling with noticeable changes in auditory and visual perceptions. Doses of 30mg produce a further intensification of changes in visual perceptions, with items appearing to undulate and the air moving in waves. At still higher dosage levels, the user experiences impaired distance perception, a loss of sense and time, and even more intense visual effects. Most individuals familiar with the use and effects of these mushrooms do not recommend dosage levels in excess of 60mg, even for experienced users.
Onset and Duration of Action:: onset - 30 minutes -peak - 2 hours - duration - 4 to 6 hours
Street Prices : 1 gram - $3 to $15; 1/4 ounce - $25 to $100; 1 ounce - $30 to $250 1 pound - $300 to $1600
Source: Department of Justice
Ok peeps this was gotten from a memo on all types of drugs that are on the dea list.. this goes pretty much for all types of drugs.. I have this on pdf in case anyone wants it..