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(P.D. Orton) Watling
(P.D. Orton) Watling
0.5-7 cm broad. Conic to convex, eventually subcampanulate, expanding to broadly convex, and typically acutely umbonate with a sharp papilla. Surface smooth to translucent-striate to sulcate near the margin, viscid when moist from a thick, separable gelatinous pellicle. Colour pale reddish brown to honey to ochraceous, hygrophanous, fading in drying to yellowish olive to ochraceous or yellowish buff. Flesh whitish to honey coloured.
Attachment adnexed, sometimes sinuate or emarginate, whitish clay at first, eventually dark purplish brown at maturity, with whitish edges.
20-90 mm long by 0.5-4 mm thick. Equal to slightly swollen at the base. Colour whitish at first, soon reddish brown or honey coloured, and sometimes with grayish bluish green tones. Surface covered with whitish fibrillose patches to a fairly persistent, apical evanescant fibrillose annulus that develops from a thickly cortinate partial veil.
Dark purple-brown, (9.5)12.5 - 15(16) x 6.5 -9.5 um, ovoid in front view, ellipsoid in side view, thick walled with a broad germ pore. Basidia 4-spored. Pleurocystidia absent. Cheilocystidia (15)20 - 30(35) by (4)6 - 8(9) um, ventricose-fusiform or lageniform with a narrow neck, often flexuous, 4 - 15 by 0.5 - 1.5 um, occasionally branched.
Generally found in October and November, but in Chile, this mushroom has been collected in August.
Habitat and Distribution:
On cow or horse manure. Known from Canada (British Columbia and New Brunswick), the Pacific Northwest (Washington, Oregon, and Idaho), Chile, Great Britain, and Europe. Probably more widely distributed than presently reported.
David Occurrence Map
Grows solitary to gregariously,.
Reports of blue bruising are not consistent. More research is required.
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