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Pholiotina smithii

(Watling) Enderle



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Pholiotina smithii ***
(Watling) Enderle
Pronunciation
 
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Wiscokid


                    

Wiki


                        

Knarkkorven (all)

    
Pileus (Cap): 
0.3 - 1(1.3) cm across Conic to convex but expands to nearly plane in age, with a distinct umbo, smooth, ochraceous tawny to cinnamon-brown, darker at edges, glistening when wet, hygrophanous, even to striate when moist. Lightens when it dries, turning a tan color.

Lamellae (Gills): 
adnate to adnexed, crowded to subdistant, narrow to moderately broad, pale grayish yellow to brown with whitish edges, darkening to rusty cinnamon brown in age.

Stipe (Stem): 
(1)2 to 5(7.5) cm long, .75 - 1(1.5) mm thick, mostly equal but often slightly swollen at the base. Fragile, whitish with fine fibrils but becoming smooth, lacks an annulus, slightly twisting striatulations, often slightly grayish at the base when young, becoming an azure shade of blue in age, quickly bruising blue when handled.

Microscopic features:
Cinnamon brown, (6.5)7.0 - 9.0 x 4.0 - 4.5(5) micrometers smooth and ellipsoid with thick walls and a small but distinct germ-pore. Subcapitate cheilocystidia.

Season:
August through November

Habitat and Distribution:
Grows in bogs, ditches and swampy areas, commonly in sphagnum moss. Also found along river banks and in lawns. It also likes growing in areas that have been well manacured and taken care of, you notice them growing thier unusually white stem in grassy areas such as parks and lawns. Reported from Washington, Colorado, Vancouver, B.C., and temperate regions of central and northern Europe.

              
                                Knarkkorven (all)                                      MO Occurrence Map


Growth Habit: 
Singularly or few in numbers in the surrounding area or in clusters.

Bruising:
Bruising at the bulbous base, sometimes immediately after it has been plucked from the substrate.

Dosage:
40-50 small specimens, 1/3 of a fresh ounce and/or 1 dried gram.

Other Notes:
This can be a difficult species to identify for begginers as it can get confused with other LBM's quite easily. 
Potently active.
Looks a lot like Pholiotina cyanopus but differs microscopically in spore size and cystidia.


Links:
Pholiotina smithii (Conocybe smithii) -MushroomObserver
    

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Compiled and Edited By: Joust
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