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OfflinePsuper
W-W-Wyzzerdd


Registered: 02/12/08
Posts: 2,802
Loc: PNW
Last seen: 6 months, 20 days
[PI] Growing your own mushrooms
    #13022977 - 08/08/10 08:34 PM (4 years, 4 months ago)

http://www.sunstar.com.ph/davao/growing-your-own-mushrooms

Growing your own mushrooms

Sunday, August 8, 2010
By Henrylito D. Tacio


THERE are several ways of growing mushroom as there are several types of mushrooms. Most of them can be grown with little space and requires little time. Rice farmers can make use of their rice straws following harvesting.

Below are the fundamental techniques involved in the culture of banana or rice straw type of mushroom. This information comes from the Bureau of Plant Industry which is now producing mushroom spawn in abundance:

Materials and Methods

Dry rice straws and banana leaves are the most common types of bleeding materials. However, other materials like cotton wastes, jute sacks, corn stalks, water hyacinth, sugar baggasse and abaca waste materials may also be used for bedding materials.

Sufficient water supply and soaking tank or any similar container are used. Plastic sheet of gauge No. 6, empty cement bags and sacks are used to cover the beds.

Procedures

First, gather long, clean and well dried rice straws and banana leaves, preferably those that are still standing in the field. Avoid using old and contaminated bedding materials.

Then, bundle the bedding materials six to eight inches in diameter. If rice straws are used, arrange butt ends together. Cut the bundle materials 1.5 to two feet long.

Soak the bundled materials in water for at least three hours but not more than 10 hours until enough moisture is absorbed by the materials. Be sure to have a foundation serving as support for the bed. Set the soaked-bundled materials, closely knit the together, evenly and compactly.

Water the bed well with the urea or ammonium sulfate at rate of one to two tablespoons per gallon of water. Add sugar at the rate of 33 grams per gallon of water to improve the yield of mushrooms. Press the layer to level of surface. Stop watering when the water starts to drip off the bed.

Insert thumb-size prawns around the bed, four inches from along the side and four inches apart from each other (Never plant spawn at the middle of the bed). Set the second layer of straw on the top of the first layer. Put the butt ends together in two opposite direction. Water and press down. Follow the same procedure until a six-layer bed is attained.

Finally, cover the entire bed with plastic sheet gauges no. 6 or cement bags or sacks for seven days after which it is removed.

Care in the Mushroom Bed

When the bed is made, it may be well to cover it with plastic sheet, gunny sack or any suitable materials to protect it from the drying effect of the wind and to keep it humid.

After the removal of the plastic sheet don't water the bed as the bed is still wet. Watering should be done only in amounts, which would keep the surface moist and its environs humid.

Watering may be done using a sprinkler, passing same over the bed and along the sides. Avoid soaking the bed as this condition is equally harmful to the proper development of the mushrooms as insufficient watering.

When the mushroom buttons start to form, water must be stopped until the flush is over. Resume watering when the flush is over to coax another flush to come.

Harvesting

The growth of mushrooms on the bed comes in flushes. With adequate maintenance and care, the first flush usually comes and flushes from 13 to 15 days following seeding. When a flush is on watering must be avoided. Watering is resumed when the flush is over. Harvesting is done in the following manner:

1. Harvest the whole mushroom including the stump. Don't leave any stump in the bed as this would rot and in rotting the adjacent mushroom may be affected.

2. As much as possible care must be taken not to disturb the small buttons.

3. Mushrooms in the button stage of growth are more succulent, hence they are better preferred than the fully opened ones.

4. Harvested mushroom may be placed in trays or in kaings.


Published in the Sun.Star Davao newspaper on August 9, 2010.


--------------------
P. Cubensis Bulk Substrate:
Coco-Coir (and/or local Horse Manure), Vermiculite, Gypsum (calcium sulfate), Composted Chicken Manure (3%-5%).


Visit the Growery.Org, Here's a thread by myself about water-hash bags and hashish filtration:
http://www.growery.org/forums/showflat.php/Number/489978


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OfflinePsuper
W-W-Wyzzerdd


Registered: 02/12/08
Posts: 2,802
Loc: PNW
Last seen: 6 months, 20 days
Re: [PI] Growing your own mushrooms [Re: Psuper]
    #13023000 - 08/08/10 08:38 PM (4 years, 4 months ago)

The above article is from a Filipino newspaper that also had an article just a week ago explaining that their Department of Agriculture was urging some farmers to pursue mushroom production.  Here is that article:

http://www.sunstar.com.ph/pampanga/farmers-urged-explore-mushroom-production

Farmers urged to explore mushroom production

Tuesday, August 3, 2010
By Ian Ocampo Flora


CITY OF SAN FERNANDO--The Department of Agriculture (DA) is calling on farmers in Pampanga to explore the possibilities of venturing into mushroom production as an extra source of income.

DA Regional Director Redentor Gatus said that this call came as the DA intensified its on-going mushroom production program through the Tarlac-based Central Luzon Integrated Agricultural Research Center for Lowland Development (DA-CLIARCLD).

Gatus had earlier urged the DA-CLIARCLD to step up its efforts on mushroom propagation so it would be able to lend assistance to the farmers in the region by being their source of supplemental income.

Emily Soriano, project leader for tissue culture, together with Dr. Irene Adion, the station chief, are the proponents of the mushroom cultivation program and likewise share primary responsibility for its continual implementation.

The mushroom project is similarly geared toward increasing the income of farmers by providing them with alternative agri-based livelihood opportunities through mushroom production.

Agricultural waste products such as rice straws, sugarcane bagasse, banana leaves, water lilies, corn stalks and corn cobs, are also converted into beneficial agricultural inputs in producing mushroom.

Mushroom production is also a lucrative agribusiness venture that needs minimal capital input and provides high return on investment. It is likewise an untapped market among health conscious consumers and in the booming health products industry.

The Central Luzon region also satisfies the physical and environmental requirements for the cultivation of tropical mushrooms because of its hot and humid climate, according to Gatus.

The said project likewise provides hands-on training on mushroom tissue culture propagation and conducts researches which focus on low cost materials and equipment for mushroom proliferation, mushroom fruit processing technologies for commercialization, supply and demand studies and market linkages.

Aside from this, it is also expanding its in-house production of mushroom spawns and fruits using inexpensive post-production preservation techniques. It will be used for the development of mushroom products with commercial potentials such as mushroom powder, mushroom wine, mushroom tocino and longganisa and mushroom candies.

The mushroom project also holds technology demonstrations and on-site coaching in tandem with the municipal agricultural offices within Central Luzon.

Some of the mushroom species cultured at the Tarlac-based research center include oyster mushroom (pleurotus), straw mushroom (volvariella), ganoderma and auricularia.


Published in the Sun.Star Pampanga newspaper on August 4, 2010.


--------------------
P. Cubensis Bulk Substrate:
Coco-Coir (and/or local Horse Manure), Vermiculite, Gypsum (calcium sulfate), Composted Chicken Manure (3%-5%).


Visit the Growery.Org, Here's a thread by myself about water-hash bags and hashish filtration:
http://www.growery.org/forums/showflat.php/Number/489978


Edited by Psuper (08/08/10 08:45 PM)


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