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Psilocybe cubensis

(Earle) Singer



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Psilocybe cubensis *
(Earle) Singer
Pronunciation
 
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Bloodworm


                          
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Alonso                                                    Bloodworm                                            Ralph Morales                                      Alan Rockefeller                                          Alan Rockefeller

    
Pileus (Cap): 
2%u20138 cm, Conic to convex, becoming broadly convex to plane in age, may retain a slight umbo, margin even, reddish-cinnamon brown when young becoming golden brown in age, viscid when moist, hygrophanous, glabrous, sometimes with white universal veil remnants decorating the cap, more or less smooth. Flesh whitish, bruising blue in age or where injured.

Lamellae (Gills): 
Adnate to adnexed to sometimes seceding attachment, close, narrow to slightly wider towards the center, at first pallid to gray, becoming dark purplish to blackish in age, somewhat mottled, edges remaining whitish.

Stipe (Stem): 
4%u201315 cm long, .5%u20131.5 cm thick, white to yellowish in age, hollow or somewhat stuffed, the well developed veil leaves a persistent white membranous annulus whose surface usually becomes concolorous with the gills because of falling spores, bruising blue or bluish-green when injured.

Microscopic features:
Spores purple brown to violet black, 11.5%u201317 x 8%u201311 um, subellipsoid, basidia 4-spored but sometimes 2- or 3-, pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia present.

Season:
Found in late summer through late autumn.

Habitat and Distribution:
Solitary or in groups on dung and manure, especially in cattle pastures; widely distributed in the tropics. Psilocybe cubensis are coprophilic, and colonize the dung of large herbivores, most notably cows and other grazing mammals. They prefer humid grasslands and have been found in tropical and subtropical environments in the Americas and Asia. In the US, they are sometimes found growing wild in the south, generally below the 35th parallel. They have been found in the highlands and river valleys of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in South America.

              
                        Alan Rockefeller                              MO Occurrence Map

Growth Habit: 
cattered, grouped, or clustered on cow dung in tropical areas.

Bruising:
Bruising light blue where handled, sometimes appearing greenish because of the yellow color of the pileus.

Dosage:
  • Lvl.1  0.8g
  • Lvl.2  1.3g
  • Lvl.3  2.3g
  • Lvl.4  3.6g
  • Lvl.5  4.9g


Other Notes:
Psilocybe cubensis is used in spiritual and or healing rituals in Mesoamerica, notably by the Chol and the Lacandon Maya people in southern Mexico.
Depending on the particular strain, growth method, and age at harvest, psilocybe cubensis mushrooms can come in rather different sizes. It is recommended that one weighs the actual mushrooms, as opposed to simply counting them. Fresh mushrooms have an average water content of about 90 or so doses with fresh mushrooms are thus ten times larger than for dried.


Links:
Psilocybe cubensis -MushroomObserver






Noob Psilocybe cubensis identification guide by implee

:regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison:

Notes and messages from implee:

I understand it looks like a lot of info is flying around in this guide, but mushrooms are my hobby and passion so I want lots of good information in it, don't be intimidated.

Please help me improve and update the information in this article thanks, implee. Feel free to edit this document for errors, add links to key words, point people to good sources of information or other guides for more info, add pictures, spell, grammar, etc. Oh also design, I'm not good with it, rearranging info to make it flow better and to make it easier for the novice to follow.

Also be sure to add to the bottom credits and sources, if they are unknown put unknown and put a link to your user name as well if you would like. Also please try to post original images of your own, or with owner permission, give the owners credit, if you are linking from another site source it, these aren't a requirement I just want a somewhat complete guide that has as much info as possible, too much misinformation gets thrown around. 

:regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison:

A typical day on the Shroomery Hunting Forums goes like this. "Hi i live in City, State. I would like to know what type of shrooms can be picked and when? please tell me where are the best places to find them." We get so many of these that it can be time consuming and bothersome to answer them over and over again... 

All the basic answers can be found in the rules, so please take the time to read the rules first Read Me!!! Yes You n00b: Mushroom Hunting Forum Rules, and once you have found a mushroom please take the time to make a proper ID request. Sample ID request - READ BEFORE POSTING AN ID REQUEST!.

:regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison: 

Psilocybe cubensis only grows in some states and some countries.

Where Psilocybe cubensis grows
Photo by Photohound.

  • United States
    Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia

  • Australia
    New South Wales, Queensland

  • South America/Other
    Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru, Venezuela,  Mexico,  Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Trinidad, Dominican Republic, Cuba, Kenya

  • Asia
    Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

:regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison: 

What psychoactive mushrooms can be found in Texas?

Psilocybe
Psilocybe cubensis

Gymnopilus
Gymnopilus aeruginosus
Gymnopilus junonius
Gymnopilus luteofolius
Gymnopilus luteoviridis
Gymnopilus sapineus

Panaeolus

Panaeolus cyanescens

:regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison::regularshroom::1up::poison: 

Psilocybe cubensis

These mushrooms are nick named Cubes Psilocybe cubensis can also be shortened to P. cubensis. This is one of the most cultivated psychoactive mushroom.

Active chemicals

The two major contributing active chemicals are Psilocybin, and Psilocin.

Two other active chemicals in cubes are Baeocystin which is not a major contributing factor of a mushroom trip... A dose of 10mg pure Baeocystin is said to produce entheogenic effects. And Norbaeocystin It is unknown if this contributes to a mushroom trip.

Where do they grow?

They grow most commonly on cow poop, they can also be found growing on horse poop. Check in the tall grass they can be found there often.

Crazy finds

Pinheadx has found them in manure/mulch/Wood chip piles, and on Wood chip ONLY piles. I have also found them in Manure/Mulch/Wood chip piles .We believe the manure used had mycelium in it, or got spores in it at some point and colonized... We do not believe either pile was cultivated by humans... I have no idea how the cube got in the Wood Chip only pile its crazy stuff This is EXTREMELY RARE, but if your in Houston Texas like us, anything can happen so keep an eye out :laugh:

Pinheadx's finds: Never say neverMUTANT CUBE, zonate cube, and a polyporeCubensis on wood chips.

My find's: Cubes found in LAWN Houston TXSouth Texas mother fucker that's where I stay (Cubes found in Mulch/Manure at a High School/No Drug Zone LULZ)

What do they look like?

Cap

The cap when young will be almost completely golden colored, then when they get more matured they have a great golden yellow fade on top. When they get really old or sun bleached the caps can sometimes turn really pale and will no longer be gold or yellow. Sometimes the caps will have spores sprayed on top of them and turn a purple color. The caps can have a verity of different shapes due to weather or genetics. Bell, domed, flat, flat with a nipple, or just crazy shaped.

Closed caps are pretty solid colored

Sun bleached or dried/old

Golden fade

Spores on cap

Waterlogged cubes can look funny also, and they can be waaay soggy when you eat them... Plus if your doing a weighed out dosage they can throw the actual weight off... If your going to dry them find a really fast way to dry them up.

bell shaped

Flat or with nipple

Stem

Yellowish colored, and hollow, There is a veil present on the stem with purplish spores on one side and the bottom side (if visible) will be yellow/whitish/blueish/purplish. The stem will bruise blue/green when you squeeze it or break it in two. Also the base of the stems will probably have mycelium growing on them.

See the stems are yellow and have veils with spores dropped on them sometimes the veils are small sometimes they are big.

But keep in mind sometimes the veil wont be purple from the spores because its flappy, or formed differently.

Cubes have hollow stems but Texas cubes are known to be pretty dense and sometimes are pretty meaty and solid and not so hollow inside.

Here is mycelium, its perfectly okay to eat.

Gills

Purplish brown, sometimes they are spore less and only have a light brown color.

Spore Print

Cut your cap off, then place it on a piece of white paper wait 30 minutes to an hour and you should have a print that is dark and purplish...

Bluing

The gills and stem will bruise blue or green, This is the active chemicals oxidizing, this is said to lower the potency so don't bruise them up too much... Only enough to verify that they are indeed Psilocybe cubensis, or Pan cyan... But please note that NON Psilocybe mushrooms will also bruise blue which are potentially poisonous..  So take everything gills, color, shape, and spore print color into consideration when identifying mushrooms. Cut the stem and wait about 5-30 seconds you should see a light green blue appear, it will probably get darker blue over the next few minutes.

When can they be found?

Well in Texas people have found them all year around, even around Christmas.. Its best to have around 75F-90F temperatures and a good rain storm... But you can find them from probably 40-75 just in fewer numbers. So whenever it rains a decent amount go out to those fields.

Dosage

Mushrooms are about 90% water. Take the fresh weight then divide it by 10, the results are about what your dry weight will be. 20 Grams fresh will be about 2 grams dry, but mushrooms can be more dry or more wet so this isn't 100% accurate and can be off by complete grams.

The Great Mushrooms Poll: Shroom Secrets Revealed shows that 27% of people dose ~2 grams dry and 44% of people dose ~3.5 grams dry  so between 2-3.5 grams is the average dose... Sometimes 3.5 grams can be really overwhelming  so you might want to consider dosing 2 grams for your first time... But then again sometimes mushrooms don't effect some people the same as others...

How do you consume?

Straight up

You can eat them right off the cow poop if you wanted to, but i wouldn't recommend tripping on the field unless you own the field... Also make sure you don't eat the poop cut it off. You can also put them under a fan for a day or two until they are cracker dry to store them... Then you can eat those dry mushrooms any time you want to.

Intensify the experience

The Lemon Experience... basically soak mushrooms in lemon juice for X amount of time then dose, it intensifies your experience in an extremely noticeable way :laugh: be careful with it.I have tried this method with 2 grams dry/powdered and it sure works.

Black Currant Juice to increase mushroom effects This experiment is a bit different but it is supposed to extremely intensify your trip.. I have not tried this method yet.

Chocolates

You can put your mushrooms into chocolates, there are a few teks online.

Monstermitch's technique for chocolates

Tea

Mushroom Tea Preparation Here are a number of tea recipes.

I made teas a few times and didnt trip.. I think its because i put powered mushrooms in a pot while it was still boiling... The sides and bottom of the pot will be way hotter than the boiling water... This is how i make my tea.

1) Dry mushrooms then powder them in a coffee grinder

2) Boil water

3) Pour boiling water over mushrooms in a cup

4) Stir for 15-30 minutes 

5) Strain with panty hose or coffee filters... Sometimes coffee filters take a while to strain.

Threads

Horse field cubes Ive found a horse field that was producing cubes, the horses ate grass, hay, and whatever other plants they felt like munching on... The field previously had cows and horses interchanged throughout the years but the poop was definitely horse poop that they were growing from.  Almost all of the pictures from this thread were found on horse poop. :laugh:

PinheadX found PLENTY of Cubes growing on mulch piles. Now it is possible that it could have been someones out door grow, or maybe the mulch/compost/manure they used had mycelium in it or spores from the cow field which inoculated the whole pile. This is the craziest thing I've ever seen and it is in NO way common, but his finds should inspire you to keep and eye out everywhere for cubes even off the field. :laugh: (Update: I have found my own manure/mulch bed cubes! see Link)

Never say neverMUTANT CUBE, zonate cube, and a polypore. 

 

Photo by PinheadX



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